Tour Leaders                Jon Hornbuckle             

                                   Andy Smith


Participants                 Chris & Alan Dawson

                                  Ed Edwards

                                  Judith Evans
                                  Val & Roger Grange
                                   Ann & Trevor Jones
                                  Sue & Mike Pawson

                                  Judith, Richard, Sam & Tom Pumphrey


Local guides                 Jack & Sheila               Lima

                                    Jack                           Paracas

                                    Julian & Daniel             Tambopata

                                    Arturo and Darwin         Cusco

                                    Arturo                          Inca Trail                    


This tour focused on south-east Peru, with emphasis given to the Humboldt current seabirds on the Ballestas Islands, the cultural experience of flying over the Nasca Lines, the Amazon Rainforest and clay lick in Tambopata, and the Inca Trail through the Andes to Machu Picchu.

We recorded 394 species of birds in Peru, including 10 that were “heard only”. Our list was not the longest ever recorded in Peru but included a number of fantastic birds and trip highlights, including many endemics and range-restricted, rare, or just difficult-to-see species.

The following is a report detailing our daily activities and bird highlights.

27th July: London to Lima via Madrid

Eight of us boarded the early morning Iberia flight to Madrid, after a chaotic check-in at Heathrow, Terminal 2. Greeted by warm and sunny weather in the Spanish capital, we met up with the Pumphreys and continued on to Peru. Heading out over Portugal and the Atlantic, we eventually reached the coast of Brazil near the mouth of the Amazon. We flew over the still extensive Amazonian rainforest, before crossing the Andes and finally dropping down into the Peruvian capital of Lima, landing just before dusk after a long flight of over 11 hours.

After a long wait for our baggage, we were greeted by our local guide Jack and driven the short distance into Miraflores and the pleasant Hotel Jose Antonio. Time for a quick beer or two before bed and a chance to meet Chris, Alan, Sue and Mike who had made their own way from Norwich with KLM.

28th July: Pantanos to Pucusana to Paracas

A day of all the P’s! A fairly relaxed start after the long journey, we were ready to leave at 8am and drove through the suburbs of southern Lima to the marshes of Pantanos de Villa. Sandwiched between areas of very low quality housing and a huge noodle factory, Villa Marsh is a wetland very attractive to birds. We spent a pleasant 75 mins, seeing many species not found again during the rest of the tour. Highlights included Great and Pied-billed Grebes, Cinnamon Teal, White-cheeked Pintail, Osprey, Plumbeous Rail, Killdeer, Peruvian Meadowlark, and lots of White-faced Ibises.

We continued south to the fishing town of Pucusana, with a 20 minute stop at San Pedro fields where Chestnut-collared Swallow was an unexpected bonus, along with Harris’ Hawk and Vermilion Flycatcher. Our progress into Pucasana was delayed by a multitude of school children marching in celebration of Independence Day. A detour took us to the port where we were surrounded by the ubiquitous Peruvian Pelicans and beautiful Inca Terns, while two boats were organised to take us on a tour of the bay. Very much reliant on the fishing industry, Pucusana is full of local charm and colour and we feasted on its sights and smells. In the bay we saw Grey-headed Gull, Guanay, Red-legged and Neotropical Cormorants and Blackish Oystercatcher, while one lucky lady saw a Marine Otter.

After a fish lunch we headed south again on the Pan-American Highway towards Paracas, stopping at Pantanos de Puerto Viejo, where we added Wren-like Rushbird, Many-coloured Rush-Tyrant, White-tailed Hawk, American Kestrel and Grassland Yellow-Finch to our list. We arrived at the comfortable Hotel Paracas and after a good buffet meal completed the log call.

29th July:  Ica, Nasca Lines and Paracas NP

We made an early start before breakfast to look for some of the specialities in the dry scrub behind the hotel. Amazilia Hummingbird and Cinerous Conebill were soon seen and Black-crowned Night-Herons seemed to be everywhere, but there was little else until breakfast-time when we located Oasis Hummingbird and the wheatear-like Coastal Miner. Our main targets, the localised Peruvian Sheartail and Peruvian Thick-knee, were nowhere to be seen.

After breakfast, we headed south to Ica where we were the first to arrive at the airport, hoping for an early departure over the Nasca Lines. However, the visibility at Nasca was said to be only 1km, with 4km needed, so we visited the local museum where we were treated to an instructive guided tour of the historic local culture. Back at the airport at 10, there was still no news on when flights would commence. Those who were not flying, walked to a patch of trees on the side of one of the huge sand dunes, and were invited to observe the bird-life from the roof of a local house. Trevor spotted a scarce Black-necked Woodpecker, and Collared Warbling-Finch, Pied Crested Tit-Tyrant and White-crested Elaenia were also seen. Meanwhile, a flight took off but on returning to the airport, we were surprised to see the aviators walking towards us: the flight had been aborted prematurely due to deteriorating visibility! After an encounter with Pepe, the tame Andean Condor, the Nasca flight resumed and the non-flyers took the bus to Huacachina Oasis, which turned out to be heaving with tourists, mainly Peruvians as it was a national holiday. After lunch at a busy restaurant, we returned to the airport to collect the others. They had flown south at 7000 feet over the unbelievably inhospitable-looking but impressive coastal desert. Arriving over the famous lines, the pilot did a great job in giving good views of the mysterious figures in the desert.

We drove back to Paracas, with stops for excellent views of Borrowing Owls and Peruvian Thick-knees, and then entered Paracas National Park. We drove along a bumpy road to the coastal cliffs of El Cathedral where we admired the dramatic view and walked down to the beach to observe the many Grey Gulls, with Peruvian Boobies and cormorants flying off-shore. At dusk we returned to the hotel for shower, log and dinner. 

30th July: Islas Ballestas and Paracas NP, to Lima

An early stroll along the sea-front at the hotel gave Peruvian Tern, boobies and pelicans fishing. After breakfast, we boarded our speedboat for the ride to the Ballestas Islands in the capable hands of Julian, the most experienced boatman. We sped out over the ocean and added American Oystercatcher before passing the famous and mysterious Candelabra figure carved into the cliff side.

Nearing the islands, we noted Sea Lions bobbing up and down all around us. Cutting the outboards on arrival, we were bowled over with the sheer numbers of seabirds present. It was an awesome sight! Inca Terns were numerous and the odd Kelp Gull was spotted in amongst the abundant Band-tailed Gulls, all feeding on small red crabs that were drifting just below the ocean surface. However, it was the Peruvian Booby and cormorant populations that made up the bulk of the seabird numbers. Humboldt Penguins were surprisingly common this year, with over 20 seen, and Turkey Vultures even more so. Our last port of call was the Southern Sea Lion colony, sadly much depleted in recent years; we sat bobbing on the waves watching and photographing these enchanting creatures for some minutes.

Heading away from the Ballestas islands, we made for Isla Blanca, along with waves and waves of Guanay Cormorants, an amazing sight. Now we encountered some good pelagic birds, including four beautiful Swallow-tailed Gulls, from the Galapagos Islands, a Chilean Skua, Sooty Shearwaters and a scarce Markham’s Storm-Petrel that floated on the water near the boat, giving unusually good photographic opportunities. All too soon it was time to head back to the pier.

We drove back to the Paracas Peninsula, stopping first at the watchtower to observe the Chilean Flamingos on the shore. A pink, summer-plumaged Franklin’s Gull here was a treat, along with Black Skimmers and distant waders. We continued to the small fishing village of Lagunillas and spent a pleasant hour watching two obliging Peruvian Seaside-Cinclodes and waders such as Surfbirds and Whimbrels.

We returned to the hotel for a pleasant buffet lunch, before leaving for the long drive back to Lima. The only stop was at Km189 to check out some marshland, but only White-tailed Hawk and Barn Swallow were notable. We arrived in Miraflores at 6.00pm to relax before the next stage of our trip, to the Amazonian tropical rainforest.

31st July: Lima to Puerto Maldonado and Tambopata Jungle Lodge

After a 6.30 breakfast, we were picked up by Jack and taken to the new airport terminal, complete with Macdonalds and Dunkin Doughnuts, to check in for the flight to Puerto Maldonado, via Cusco. Take-off was delayed 30 mins, then we soon climbed through the garúa mist and soared up over the Andes in bright sunlight. After a short stop in Cusco, we negotiated the Andean cordillera and dropped down over the cloud and lowland Amazonian rainforest. As we neared Maldonado the forest became less intact with cattle ranches and plantations of African Palm becoming evident. We landed in bright sunshine and tropical heat. We drove to the agency office and were asked to leave all non-essentials to lighten the boat-load, as the river level was rather low. We then drove to Infierno, with a stop for a feeding flock of Dusky-headed Parakeets and Troupials, some 15 kms upstream of the Tambopata’s confluence with the great Río Madre de Dios, Peru’s principle Amazon tributary.

We boarded a new fibre-glass boat and set off upstream. It was a slow journey with frequent stops, enabling us to get to grips with the commoner riverside birds: egrets, swallows including the smart White-winged and White-banded, and flycatchers such as the much-maligned Drab-Water Tyrant. We did not reach our objective of Tambopata Jungle Lodge until dusk! We saw Anhinga, Cocoi Heron, Sand-coloured Nighthawk, Horned Screamer, Scarlet and Chestnut-fronted Macaws, and Blue-headed Parrot, while raptors included King Vulture, Plumbeous Kite, Black Caracara and Roadside Hawk. It was not all birds: other creatures of special interest were Red Howler Monkey, Spectacled Caiman and Capybara, the world’s largest rodent, wallowing in the mud at the side of the river. There was one lengthy stop, to check in to the National Park and pay the $30 entrance fee. Birds here included Boat-billed Flycatcher and White-lored Euphonia.

After dinner some hardy souls took a guided night walk, which gave roosting Rufous Motmot, but was disappointing for mammals.

1st August:  Tambopata Jungle Lodge to the Clay Lick, along the Tambopata

We met in the lodge clearing at dawn for a birding stint before breakfast. It was fairly quiet but both Rufous and Broad-billed Motmots, Buff-throated Woodcreeper, Black fronted Nunbird and Swallow-Tanager were seen. We then went down the main trail to an area of bamboo where we found a good flock containing Buff-throated and Chestnut-crowned Foliage-gleaners, Bluish-slate and Chestnut-backed Antshrikes, White-browed, Antbird, Dot-winged, Long-winged and White-flanked Antwrens, and the scarce White-cheeked Tody-Tyrant. After breakfast we collected a pair of wellies apiece and got ready to continue upstream, seeing Squirrel Cuckoo and Wedge-billed Woodcreeper just before departure.

We left at 9.20 and made a few early stops, then realised we were not going to reach our objective in daylight unless we pressed on, as the water-level was so low that we had to dismount from the boat on 6 or 7 times while the lads pushed and pulled it over the gravel river-bed. A range of new birds made the journey full of interest again: Great Black Hawk perched at the water edge, Red-throated Caracara, Cuvier’s Toucan and Lineated Woodpecker flew over, and Amazon Kingfisher, Pectoral and Spotted Sandpipers and Pied Lapwings were in the river. In a rocky area we approached a roosting Ladder-tailed Nightjar and obtained good views of Pauraque in a similar area. After stopping at the checkpoint at the confluence of the Malinowski, we headed up into the more branched areas of the upper Tambopata. Here we saw Bat Falcon, Purplish Jay and Magpie Tanager in the trees, the shy Razor-billed Curassow on the bank, many parrots and macaws, Yellow-billed Terns flying over the river, a couple of pairs of Orinoco Geese on the islets, and a Giant Otter walking across a tree trunk in the river.

We finally reached the clay-lick, or Colpa, at dusk and were pleased to see the camp was very well set-up, so we were soon able to settle in to our tents and partake of a good hot supper.

2nd August: the Clay-lick and Tambopata Research Centre

We awoke pre-dawn and after tea/coffee and biscuits, made our way across the river at 05.20, and walked to the clay-lick over-look, only to find another group was already in position to await the macaws.  As the sun cleared the tree line opposite, the activity really began. Hundreds of parrots swirled noisily around, mainly Blue-headed and Mealies, with a few Orange-cheeked and Yellow-crowned. Some big macaws arrived: Red & Green, Blue & Yellow and Scarlets, along with a few Red-bellied and rare Blue-headed Macaws. The bare trees overhanging the clay cliff were a favoured perch for macaws, joined by other good birds such as Blue-throated Piping Guan, Chestnut-eared Aracari and Crimson-crested Woodpecker. Many parrots and a few macaws plucked up courage to descend to the cliff face to eat the clay. This was a magnificent spectacle, worth all the effort of getting here. The arrival of a Grey Hawk caused panic, and the departure of the most of the birds but many returned after a while, so we continued to feast our eyes on the riot of colour until 07.30 when activity had quietened down. Walking back to the boat, we encountered Little Ground-Tyrant, a mixed flock of seedeaters, the stunning Capped Heron, Large-billed Terns flying along the river and found a nesting Collared Plover, which gave good photo opportunities. 

We returned to the camp for breakfast, and then crossed the river again to visit Tambopata Research Centre. The rainforest here is magnificent and pristine, with a textbook high canopy and a relatively empty understorey. Unfortunately, it took at least 30 mins to sort out permission to use the trails, so bird activity was fairly quiet by the time we got going. We split into 2 groups with Jon’s walking Trails C and C1 while Andy’s took Trail B. The highlights for Jon’s group were Undulated Tinamou, perched Orange-cheeked Parrot, Broad-billed Motmot, Ocellated Woodcreeper, Southern Scrub Flycatcher, Moriche Oriole and Red Howler Monkeys, while Andy’s party had Great Tinamou, Spix’s Guan, Little and Yellow-tufted Woodpeckers and Red Brocket Deer. Back at the camp site, a Blue-crowned Trogon was found nesting in a termite colony on a tree. After a good lunch we took it easy until 03.30 when one party returned to the Colpa and walked to a small lake and the other took the boat up river to look for Giant Otters. The otters were not at home but in the vicinity of the lake were primeval Hoatzins, Spix’s Guan, Black-tailed Trogon, Lawrence’s Thrush, Amazonian Oropendola and a skulking, rare Rufous-fronted Ant-thrush.

After a tasty supper, we retired to our tents under the glow of a resplendent Milky Way.

3rd August:  the Clay Lick to Tambopata Jungle Lodge

After tea and coffee we returned to the clay-lick over-look, apart from Ann and Trevor who walked back to the lake where they saw Blue-fronted Jacamar and Pale-legged Hornero. The parrots were slower to arrive today and there were fewer big macaws, but eventually there was plenty of action and this time a few attractive White-bellied Parrots put in an appearance. After a while, Andy took most of the group towards the lake but was stopped by researchers, so decided to watch the lick from a different view-point. This proved rewarding, with plenty of action, and gave a few new birds such as Spotted Tody-Flycatcher.

After a good breakfast, we set-off down river back to Tambopata Jungle Lodge. We were soon stuck on the shingle river bottom as the water-level was so low, but after another such incident, continued to the lodge in good time without further mishap. There was no sign of any hoped-for new mammals but the birds put on a good show, with memorable views of Crane Hawk, Sun Bittern, Razor-billed Currasow, Grey-necked Wood-Rail and Ringed Kingfisher.

We arrived back at Tambopata Jungle Lodge just in time for lunch. At 02.30 Ann, Trevor and Jon spent an hour on Trail 1, returning to pick-up more of the group, while the remainder of the group took a different trail to look for mammals. The latter quest was successful, with sightings of Dusky Titi and Night Monkeys and a rarely seen Tree Porcupine. The birders saw a good selection of forest birds including White-bearded Hermit, White-fronted Nunbird, Grey-throated Leaftosser, Striped Treehunter, Buff-throated Foliage-gleaner, Dusky-throated Antshrike, Grey Antwren, Warbling Antbird, and Ruddy-tailed and Yellow-margined Flycatchers. A pre-supper canoe trip was rewarded by fine views by flash-light of Boat-billed Heron, Pauraque, Great Potoo and Caiman.

4th August: Tambopata Jungle Lodge to Pto Maldonado and Cusco

Most of the group elected to have a bit of a lie-in this morning, with a few hardy souls checking out Trail 1 again and seeing a few new antbirds. We boarded the boat after breakfast and all too soon were back on dry land at Infierno, a graceful Swallow-tailed Kite being the best sighting on the way. A bus took us to the office in Puerto Maldonado where we collected our stored items and then proceeded to the airport in time to check in for our flight to Cusco.

The flight left later than expected at 12.55, and arrived at Cusco at 1.30 pm. We were met by Darwin and driven a short distance to the El Truco restaurant in town. A large buffet of tasty Peruvian dishes was laid out and the meal accompanied by live Peruvian music We were joined by Arturo, our excellent main guide for this phase of the tour. We checked in to our hotel and then embarked on a walking tour of the town, including the cathedral, Plaza de Armas, Santa Domingo convent, the Temple of the Sun and the main Museo. Dinner was taken at a local restaurant over-looking the Plaza de Armas.

5th August: Huacarpay Lake to Pisac to Cusco

We left the hotel at 8.30, without Ed, who was feeling unwell, and Judith, and drove south to Huacarpay Lake where we spent an enjoyable morning birding the various habitats. There were White-tufted Grebes, Speckled and Puna Teals and Andean Coots on the water, and Puna Ibis, Plumbeous Rail and Andean Lapwing on the shore. A Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle and Variable Hawk flew overhead and a Cinereous Harrier quartered the reeds. In the drier areas and scrub Sparkling Violetear, Tyrian Metaltail, Giant Hummingbird,  Rusty-fronted Canastero, White-browed Chat-tyrant, Rufous-naped and Spot-billed Ground-tyrants, Blue and Yellow Tanager, Golden-billed Saltator, Band-tailed Seedeater, Peruvian and Ash-breasted Sierra-finches, and no fewer than 4 stunning Bearded Mountaineers were seen. 

We drove down to the Sacred Valley, past many Andean Gulls in the river, and on up to the ruins of Pisac, situated in a fantastic position high above the gushing Urubamba river. A pre-lunch walk added Mountain Caracara, Black-throated Flower-piercer and Creamy-crested Spinetail to the list. After a fine lunch, prepared by Arturo, we had a guided walk through the impressive Inca ruins, terraced on the steep mountain-side, and then drove back to Cusco. On the outskirts, we stopped at the massive ruins of Saqsaywaman, before reaching the hotel at 5 pm. Here we were briefed for the Inca Trail and learnt that there was a weight restriction of only 6.5 kg each, less than expected as the sleeping bags provided were a heavy 3.5 kg. Dinner was taken in town where some of us tried the tender alpaca steak.

6th August: the trek begins, Km 82 to Km 88                      

Unfortunately, Ed’s condition had not improved so he and Judith decided to stay in Cusco while the rest of us prepared for departure at 8 am. We travelled by coach to bustling Ollantaytambo, arriving at 10 am. After 30 mins sightseeing and drinking maté de coca, we continued to Km 82. Here our large team of porters and camp staff were awaiting us. We watched them divide up their heavy-looking loads and then set off on the mainly flat trail to Km 85.5 where we stopped for lunch. This was an acclimatization day, so we were not actually on the Inca Trail and had the path to ourselves.

After a sunny start, it clouded over and light rain set in late afternoon. We continued on along the path, following the Urubamba, though often some distance above it. We saw Torrent Duck, Andean Swift, White-capped Dipper, Brown-bellied Swallow, Torrent Tyrannulet, Black Phoebe and Giant Hummers, while a few were lucky enough to spot an Andean Condor soaring overhead. On arrival at Km 88 we found the camp had already been erected. Some of us ventured across the river, as the check-point was no longer manned, to investigate a maize field where a flock of parakeets had landed. We all partook of fresh popcorn and tea at 5.30, prior to a fine meal of veg soup, trout and banana flambé! An early night for all, in preparation for the taxing day ahead.

 7th August:  the climb to Wayllabamba

After heavy rain in the night, a wet morning greeted us but had cleared by the time we left the campsite at 7.30. We checked in for the Inca Trail, paying our $50 admission fee, and crossed the river. Our path followed the bank of the rushing Cusichaca River, gaining altitude steadily until we stopped for lunch at 11.0. On the way we saw Bare-faced Ground-Dove, Golden-billed Saltator, Rust-and-yellow Tanager, Black-backed Grosbeak, Puna Thistletail, Rufous-fronted Canastero, White-winged Black-Tyrant and Streak-throated Bush-Tyrant.

The lunch stop above Huayllabamba was alive with hummingbirds, including the stunningly blue Great Sapphirewing and dashing Green-tailed Trainbearer. Chat-Tyrants were also notable with both Rufous-breasted and Maroon-chested present. After this it was a bit of a climb up to the campsite at Wayllabamba, enlivened by hummers such as Amethyst-throated Sunangel and Violet-throated Starfrontlet, with a distant Andean Condor for those who had missed it yesterday. A short walk further up the trail gave a view over a gorge holding a few cloud forest trees, with birds such as Spectacled Redstart, Brown-capped Vireo and Cusco Brush-Finch. The rain returned so we retired to the camp for tea and biscuits at 4.30 and supper at 6.30, before another early night under canvas.

8th August:  Dead Woman’s Pass  -  Wayllabamba to Pacaymayo

We were up early and ready to start walking at 7 am for the flog up to the highest point on the trek – the oft-talked-about Dead Woman’s (Wamiwanusqa) Pass at 4,200 metres. It was hard work in the thin air but everybody coped admirably. At first there was little bird activity but at the stream-crossing we encountered Creamy-crested Spinetail, Chestnut-breasted Mountain-Finch and a confiding Rufous-breasted Chat-Tyrant. At a small house above here, with guinea pigs on the ground floor, the friendly owner helped us spot birds, the highlights being a party of Andean Parakeets and a Sword-billed Hummingbird, definitely the "bird of the day"! With a lot of altitude still to gain, we set off again through remnants of Polylepis and elfin forest, disappointly quiet at first but eventually a feeding flock was encountered. This held Pearled Treerunner, White-browed Conebill, White-throated Tyrannulet, Scarlet-bellied and Chestnut-bellied Mountain-Tanagers, and Rust-and-gold Tanager. Above here we entered open grassland and stopped for lunch, at Llulluchapampa at 3,600 metres.

The avifauna had changed completely through the day, now we were amongst Andean Flickers, Plumbeous Sierra-Finches, Bar-winged Cinclodes, Puna Thistletail, Cordilleran Canastero, Plain-capped Ground-Tyrant and Brown-backed Chat-Tyrant. After lunch we made the final push to the top, along with a good number of other trekkers, stopping to watch the wren-like Vilcabamba Tapaculo on the way. The view from the top was disappointing due to mist and low cloud, but the obligatory group photos were taken.

Our camp site at Pacaymayu was soon in view as we steadily made our way down the steep path from the top of the pass. Bird activity was low at this altitude but we did see Red-crested Cotinga, Blue-mantled Thornbill, and White-tufted and Shining Sunbeams. The busy campsite was reached at 4.30 and we found our team had erected the tents in a good position.  This had been a long day with an altitude gain of over 1,000 metres, so we were all happy to rest our tired limbs in the evening! A cold clear night ensued, with stunning views of the milky-way and millions of stars, and the distant snow-covered mountains of the Huaynay range.

9th August:  Passes 2 and 3         Pacaymayo to Phuyupatamarka

Into a routine now, packing sleeping bags into liners and clearing the tents before breakfast had become second nature! We left the campsite at 7.15 enveloped in a dramatic scene with banks of cloud rolling up the valley. Unfortunately, the clouds stayed with us all day, so good views were hard to find, but it did mean there was no sun-burn, always a potential problem in the thin air at high altitude. The first stop was the ruins of Runcu Raccay, where the very local and attractive Tit-like Dacnis was found along with Yellow-scarfed Tanager. Then it was a hard slog to the top of the second pass at 3,950 metres, and down to the ruins of Sayaqmarka. Some stopped for a prolonged study of a mixed flock, containing Tit-like Dacnis, White-browed Conebill and Mountain-Tanagers, while others took a tour of the ruins. Golden Orchids were beautiful and numerous, and we had close views of a Coppery-naped Puffleg plus a distant White-tailed? Deer. Next we walked through a patch of lovely cloud forest, that held a confiding Rufous-headed Pygmy-Tyrant, as well as Amethyst-throated Sunangel, Citrine Warbler and the striking Moustached Flowerpiercer and Capped Conebill. The trail was quite busy and we stopped to lunch on the grassy knolls of Chaquicocha.

After lunch, most of the group pressed on towards the evening camp-site and enjoyed the flora, especially the variety of orchids, on the way while a few of us back-tracked to the cloud forest where Golden-collared Tanager and Hooded Mountain-Tanager were seen.  We arrived at our camp-site on a high ridge in the late afternoon, to find only 3 other groups were present this time. Clouds continued to spoil the views and birds were thin on the ground, with only Great Sapphirewing, Tyrian and Scaled Metaltails and Plain-coloured Seedeater notable.

10th August:  to Machu Picchu!      

After a cold night, we found the clouds had partly lifted, enabling the magnificent mountain views to be experienced at last. We watched the peaks change colour as the sun rose. As we were parting company with our team of porters and camp staff, who had provided such good service during our time on trek, we gathered together surplus clothes and other goodies for them to share out by a raffle. Then we set off down numerous steps towards our goal, Machu Picchu, passing a series of ruins. The vegetation changed from open puna to thick bamboo and then dense montane forest. We encountered one good flock, with Marcapata Spinetail, Streaked Tuftedcheek, Cinnamon Flycatcher, White-banded Tyrannulet, Plushcap, and Black-capped and Superciliared Hemispinguses, before reaching Trekker’s Lodge at 10.30. A quick trip to the nearby ruins of Huiñay Huayna, at 2,700 metres, gave close views of Inca Wren and Cusco Brush-Finch in addition to good photo opportunities of the very impressive ruins.

After an early lunch, we set-off for the Sun Gate at noon and arrived 90 mins later, seeing Rufous Antpitta and Masked Trogon on the way. Here we were at last looking down upon the most famous archaeological site in the Americas, Machu Picchu. We soaked up the view for 30 mins, spotted a Coati, then continued onwards, past the checkpoint where our entrance fee into the historical sanctuary was paid. The Lost City was bathed in glorious sunshine, as we strode down the royal road, staring in awe at the ruins. We were delighted to find Judith and Ed there and hear that they had had a rewarding time exploring Cusco and the Sacred Valley, with Darwin looking after them well.

Arturo did a wonderful job explaining the history and details of this Inca citadel. The sunny weather enhanced the experience, with dramatic views down into the Urubamba valley. Reluctantly, we took the last bus at 5 pm down the winding road to Aguas Calientes. Our accommodation here was in the luxurious Machu Picchu Pueblo Hotel – what a way to end the trek! We met in the bar for a drink and moved to the restaurant for an excellent dinner.

11th August: Machu Picchu to Cusco

Most of us birded in the hotel grounds, although the starting time varied considerably, while Tom and Sam returned to Machu Picchu with Arturo. A good selection of pre-montane forest birds were seen including Highland Motmot, the rarely seen Undulated Antpitta, Streaked Xenops, Sclater’s Tyrannulet, Andean Slaty-Thrush, Tropical Parula, a variety of tanagers including Hepatic, Silver-backed and Blue-capped, and best of all, a dazzling orange male Cock-of-the Rock. The hummingbird feeders were a major attraction, with 10 species observed, including the rare Green-and-white Hummingbird, the beautiful Chestnut-breasted Coronet, Gould’s Inca and Long-tailed Sylph, and the tiny Booted Racket-Tail.

We gathered again in the hotel restaurant for an early lunch before boarding the 1.20 pm train to Ollantaytambo, where we took the bus back to Cusco. We arrived at 4.30, much earlier than on the original schedule, thereby allowing some time to relax and shop, before “the last supper” of pizza in the Marengo restaurant.

12th August: Cusco to Lima

An early start for the airport where we said goodbye to Arturo and thanked him for his first rate service. The flight to Lima left on time at 8.30 and on arrival we were met by Sheila. A two hour city tour took us to the cathedral and the Dominican monastery with its catacombs - an interesting visit, enlivened by Sheila's excellent knowledge and English. We returned to the Hotel Jose Antonio for lunch, freshened up in day rooms, and then went to the National Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology in Pueblo Libre. This was another enlightening visit, and a fine way to end our holiday in Peru. The final step was the transfer to the busy airport in Callao, where our Iberia flight left on time.

13th August: flight to London

After a smooth transatlantic flight to Madrid, we queued for ages to get into the terminal, through the single X-ray machine, then found our onward flight was delayed for 2 hours. We arrived in London, too late for connecting internal flights, and bode our farewells after a most enjoyable and highly memorable trip.

BIRD LIST         Square-brackets = heard only

Great Tinamou, Tinamus major

[Little Tinamou, Crypturellus soui]

Undulated Tinamou, Crypturellus undulatus

Pied-billed Grebe, Podilymbus podiceps

White-tufted Grebe, Rollandia rolland

Great Grebe, Podiceps major

Humboldt Penguin, Spheniscus humboldti

Sooty Shearwater, Puffinus griseus

Markham's Storm-Petrel, Oceanodroma markhami

Brown Pelican, Pelecanus occidentalis

Peruvian Pelican, Pelecanus  thagus

Peruvian Booby, Sula variegata

Neotropic Cormorant, Phalacrocorax brasilianus

Guanay Cormorant, Phalacrocorax bougainvillii

Red-legged Cormorant, Phalacrocorax gaimardi

Anhinga, Anhinga anhinga

Capped Heron, Pilherodius pileatus

Cocoi Heron, Ardea cocoi

Great Egret, Ardea alba

Little Blue Heron, Egretta caerulea

Snowy Egret, Egretta thula

Cattle Egret, Bulbulcus ibis

Striated Heron, Butorides striatus

Black-crowned Night-Heron, Nycticorax nycticorax

Boat-billed Heron, Cochlearius Cochlearius

White-faced Ibis, Plegadis

Puna Ibis, Plegadis ridgwayi

Chilean Flamingo, Phoenicopterus chilensis

Horned Screamer, Anhima cornuta

Orinoco Goose, Neochen jubata

Torrent Duck , Merganetta armata

Andean (Speckled) Teal, Anas flavirostris andium

Yellow-billed Pintail, Anas georgica

White-cheeked Pintail, Anas bahamensis

Puna Teal, Anas puna

Cinnamon Teal, Anas cyanoptera

Andean Duck, Oxyura ferruginea

Black Vulture, Coragyps atratus

Turkey Vulture, Cathartes aura

Greater Yellow-headed Vulture, Cathartes melambrotus

Andean Condor, Vultur gryphus

King Vulture, Sarcoramphus papa

Osprey, Pandion haliaetus

Swallow-tailed Kite, Elanoides forficatus

Plumbeous Kite, Ictinia plumbea

Cinereous Harrier, Circus cinereus

Crane Hawk, Geranospiza caerulescens

Great-Black Hawk, Buteogallus urubitinga

Harris' (Bay-winged) Hawk, Parabuteo unicinctus

Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle, Geranoaetus melanoleucus

Gray Hawk, Asturina nitida

Roadside Hawk, Buteo magnirostris

White-tailed Hawk, Buteo albicaudatus

Variable (Red-backed/Puna) Hawk, Buteo polyosoma

White-rumped Hawk, Buteo leucorrhous

Ornate Hawk-Eagle , Spizaetus ornatus

Black Caracara, Ibycter ater

Red-throated Caracara, Daptrius americanus

Mountain Caracara, Phalcoboenus megalopterus

American Kestrel, Falco sparverius

Bat Falcon, Falco rufigularis

Speckled Chachalaca, Ortalis guttata

Spix's Guan, Penelope jacquacu

Blue-throated Piping-Guan, Pipile cumanensis

Razor-billed Curassow, Crax tuberosa

Stripe-faced Wood-Quail, Odontophorus balliviani

Starred Wood-Quail, Odontophorus stellatus

Hoatzin, Opisthocomus hoazin

Gray-necked Wood-Rail, Aramides cajanea

Plumbeous Rail, Pardirallus sanguinolentus

Common Moorhen, Gallinula chloropus

Andean Coot, Fulica ardesiaca

Sunbittern, Eurypyga helias

Blackish Oystercatcher, Haemotopus ater

American Oystercatcher, Haemotopus palliatus

Black-necked Stilt, Himantopus mexicanus

Peruvian Thick-knee, Burhinus superciliaris

Pied Lapwing, Vanellus cayanus

Andean Lapwing, Vanellus resplendens

Killdeer, Charadrius vociferus

Black-bellied (Gray) Plover, Pluvialis squatarola

Snowy (Kentish) Plover, Charadrius alexandrinus

Collared Plover, Charadrius collaris

Whimbrel, Numenius phaeopus

Greater Yellowlegs, Tringa melanoleuca

Lesser Yellowlegs, Tringa flavipes

Solitary Sandpiper , Tringa solitaria

Spotted Sandpiper, Actitis macularia

Ruddy Turnstone, Arenaria interpres

Surfbird, Aphriza virgata

Semipalmated Sandpiper, Calidris pusilla

Pectoral Sandpiper, Calidris melanotos

Chilean Skua, Stercorarius chilensis

Gray Gull, Larus modestus

Band-tailed (Belcher's) Gull, Larus belcheri

Kelp Gull, Larus dominicanus

Gray-headed Gull, Larus cirrocephalus

Andean Gull, Larus serranus

Franklin's Gull, Larus pipixcan

Swallow-tailed Gull, Creagrus furcatus

Yellow-billed Tern, Sterna superciliaris

Peruvian Tern, Sterna lorata

Tern, Sterna

Large-billed Tern, Phaetusa simplex

Inca Tern, Larosterna inca

Black Skimmer, Rynchops niger

Spot-winged Pigeon, Columba maculosa

Pale-vented Pigeon, Columba cayennensis

Plumbeous Pigeon, Columba plumbea

Eared Dove, Zenaida auriculata

Pacific Dove, Zenaida meloda

Picui Ground-Dove, Columbina picui

Croaking Ground-Dove, Columbina cruziana

Maroon-chested Ground-Dove, Claravis mondetoura

Bare-faced Ground-Dove, Metriopelia ceciliae

White-tipped Dove, Leptotila verreauxi

Blue and Yellow Macaw, Ara ararauna

Scarlet Macaw, Ara macao

Red and Green Macaw, Ara chloroptera

Chestnut-fronted Macaw, Ara severa

Red-bellied Macaw, Orthopsittaca manilata

Blue-headed Macaw, Proprrhura couloni

White-eyed Parakeet, Aratinga leucophthalmus

Dusky-headed Parakeet, Aratinga weddellii

Andean Parakeet, Bolborhynchus orbygnesius

Cobalt-winged Parakeet, Brotogeris cyanoptera

White-bellied Parrot, Pionites leucogaster

Orange-cheeked Parrot, Pionopsitta barrabandi

Blue-headed Parrot, Pionus menstruus

Yellow-crowned Parrot, Amazona ochrocephala

Mealy Parrot, Amazona farinosa

Dark-billed Cuckoo, Coccyzus melacoryphus

Squirrel Cuckoo, Piaya cayana

Smooth-billed Ani, Crotophaga ani

Groove-billed Ani, Crotophaga sulcirostris

[Tropical Screech-Owl, Otus choliba]

[Tawny-bellied Screech-Owl, Otus watsonii]

[Andean Pygmy-Owl, Glaucidium jardinii]

Burrowing Owl, Athene cunicularia

Great Potoo, Nyctibius grandis

Sand-coloured Nighthawk, Chordeiles rupestris

Pauraque, Nyctidromus albicollis

Ladder-tailed Nightjar, Hydropsalis climacocerca

White-collared Swift, Streptoprocne zonaris

Gray-rumped Swift, Chaetura cinereiventris

Short-tailed Swift, Chaetura brachyura

White-tipped Swift, Aeronautes montivagus

Andean Swift, Aeronautes andecolus

Fork-tailed Palm-Swift, Tachornis squamata

White-bearded Hermit, Phaethornis hispidus

Needle-billed Hermit, Phaethornis philippii

White-necked Jacobin, Florisuga mellivora

Green Violetear, Colibri thalassinus

Sparkling Violetear, Colibri coruscans

White-bellied Hummingbird, Leucippus chionogaster

Green-and-white Hummingbird, Leucippus viridicauda

Amazilia Hummingbird, Amazilia amazilia

Speckled Hummingbird, Adelomyia melanogenys

Chestnut-breasted Coronet, Boissonneaua matthewsii

Shining Sunbeam, Aglaeactis cupripennis

White-tufted Sunbeam, Aglaeactis castelnaudii

Gould’s Inca, Coeligena torquata

Violet-throated Starfrontlet, Coeligena violifer

Sword-billed Hummingbird, Ensifera ensifera

Great Sapphirewing, Pterophanes cyanopterus

Giant Hummingbird, Patagona gigas

Amethyst-throated Sunangel, Heliangelus amethysticollis

Coppery-naped Puffleg, Eriocnemis sapphiropygia

Booted Racket-tail, Ocreatus underwoodii

Green-tailed Trainbearer, Lesbia nuna

Bearded Mountaineer, Oreonympha nobilis

Tyrian Metaltail, Metallura tyrianthina

Scaled Metaltail, Metallura aeneocauda

Blue-mantled Thornbill, Chalcostigma stanleyi

Long-tailed Sylph, Aglaiocercus kingi

Oasis Hummingbird, Rhodopis vesper

Peruvian Sheartail, Thaumastura cora

Masked Trogon, Trogon personatus

Blue-crowned Trogon, Trogon curucui

Black-tailed Trogon, Trogon melanurus

Ringed Kingfisher, Ceryle torquata

Amazon Kingfisher, Chloroceryle amazona

Highland Motmot, Momotus aequatorialis

Rufous Motmot, Barypthengus martii

Broad-billed Motmot, Electron platyrhynchum

Bluish-fronted Jacamar, Galbula cyanescens

Black-fronted Nunbird, Monasa nigrifrons

White-fronted Nunbird, Monasa morphoeus

Yellow-billed Nunbird, Monasa flavirostris

Swallow-wing, Chelidoptera tenebrosa

Chestnut-eared Aracari, Pteroglossus castanotis

Cuvier’s Toucan, Ramphastos cuvieri

Yellow-tufted Woodpecker, Melanerpes cruentatus

Little Woodpecker, Veniliornis passerinus

Black-necked Woodpecker, Colaptes atricollis

Andean Flicker, Colaptes rupicla

Lineated Woodpecker, Dryocopus lineatus

Crimson-crested Woodpecker, Campephilus melanoleucos

Plain-brown Woodcreeper, Dendrocincla fuliginosa

Coastal Miner, Geositta peruviana

Peruvian Seaside Cinclodes, Cinclodes taczanowskii

Bar-winged Cinclodes, Cinclodes fuscus

White-winged Cinclodes, Cinclodes atacamensis

Pale-legged Hornero, Funarius leucopus

Wren-like Rushbird, Phleocryptes melanops

Azara's Spinetail, Synallaxis azarae

Dark-breasted Spinetail, Synallaxis albigularis

Creamy-crested Spinetail, Cranioleuca albicapilla

Marcapata Spinetail, Cranioleuca marcapatae

Puna Thistletail, Schizoeaca helleri

Rusty-fronted Canastero, Asthenes ottonis

Cordilleran Canastero, Asthenes modesta

Line-fronted Canastero, Asthenes urubambensis

Pearled Treerunner, Margarornis squamiger

Streaked Xenops, Xenops rutilans

Streaked Tuftedcheek, Pseudocolaptes boissonneautii

Striped Woodhaunter, Hyloctistes subulatus

Buff-throated Foliage-gleaner, Automolus ochrolaemus

Chestnut-crowned Foliage-gleaner, Automolus rufipileatus

Gray-throated Leeftosser, Sclerurus albigularis

Olivaceous Woodcreeper, Sittasomus griseicapillus

Wedge-billed Woodcreeper, Glyphorhynchus spirurus

Elegant Woodcreeper, Xiphorhynchus elegans

Buff-throated Woodcreeper, Xiphorhynchus guttatus

Chestnut-backed Antshike, Thamnophilus palliatus

Dusky-throated Antshrike, Thamnomanes ardesiacus

Bluish-slate Antshrike, Thamnomanes schistogynus

White-flanked Antwren, Myrmotherula axillaris

Long-winged Antwren, Myrmotherula longipennis

Gray Antwren, Myrmotherula menetriesii

Dot-winged Antwren, Microrhopias quixensis

White-browed Antbird, Myrmoborus leucophrys

Warbling Antbird, Hypocnemis cantator

Band-tailed Antbird, Hypocnemis maculicauda

Chestnut-tailed Antbird, Myrmeciza hemimelaena

[Black-faced Antthrush, Formicarius analis]

Rufous-fronted Antthrush, Formicariusrufufrons

Undulated Antpitta, Grallaria squamigera

Rufous Antpitta, Grallaria rufula

[Trilling Tapaculo, Scytalopus parvirostris]

 Vilcabamba Tapaculo, Scytalopusu uubambaer

Red-crested Cotinga, Ampelion rubrocristata

Bare-necked Fruitcrow, Gymnoderus foetidus

Andean Cock-of-the-rock, Rupicola peruviana

Round-tailed Manakin, Pipra chloromeras

Dwarf Tyrant-Manakin, Tyranneutes stolzmanni

White-crested Elaenia, Elaenia albiceps

Mottle-backed Elaenia, Elaenia gigas

Streak-necked Flycatcher, Mionectes striaticollis

Torrent Tyrannulet, Serpophaga cinerea

Rufous-headed Pygmy-Tyrant, Pseudotriccus ruficeps

Sclater’s Tyrannulet, Phyllomyias sclateri

Southern Scrub-Flycatcher, Sublegatus modestus

White-throated Tyrannulet, Mecocerculus leucophrys

White-banded Tyrannulet, Mecocerculus stictopterus

Pied-crested Tit-Tyrant, Anairetes reguloides

Yellow-billed Tit-Tyrant, Anairetes flavirostris

Many-coloured Rush-tyrant, Tachuris rubrigastra

Subtropical Doradito, Pseudocolopteryx acutipennis

White-cheeked Tody-Tyrant, Poecilotriccus albifacies

Spotted Tody-Flycatcher, Todirostrum maculatum

Yellow-margined Flycatcher, Tolmomyias assimilis

Ruddy-tailed Flycatcher, Terenotriccus erythrurus

Cinnamon Flycatcher, Pyrrhomyias cinnamomea

Black Phoebe, Sayornis nigricans

Vermilion Flycatcher, Pyrocephalus rubinus

Maroon-chested Chat-Tyrant, Octthoeca thoracica

Rufous-breasted Chat-Tyrant, Ochthoeca rufipectoralis

Brown-backed Chat-Tyrant, Ochthoeca fumicolor

White-browed Chat-Tyrant, Ochthoeca leucophrys

Drab Water-Tyrant, Ochthornis littoralis

Streak-throated Bush-tyrant, Myiotheretes striaticollis

Black-billed Shrike-Tyrant, Agriornis montana

Spot-billed Ground-Tyrant, Muscisaxicola maculirostris

Little Ground-Tyrant, Muscisaxicola fluviatilis

Rufous-naped Ground-Tyrant, Muscisaxicola rufivertex

Plain-capped Ground-Tyrant, Muscisaxicola alpina

White-winged Black-Tyrant, Knipolegus aterrimus

Lesser Kiskadee, Philohydor lictor

Great Kiskadee, Pitangus sulphuratus

Boat-billed Flycatcher, Megarynchus pitangua

Gray-capped Flycatcher, Myiozetetes granadensis

Golden-crowned Flycatcher, Myiodynastes chrysocephalus

Streaked Flycatcher, Myiodynastes maculates

Sulphury Flycatcher, Tyrannopsis sulphurea

Tropical Kingbird, Tyrannus melancholicus

Black-tailed/ Masked Tityra, Tityra cayana/ semifasciata

Black-crowned Tityra, Tityra inquisitor

Grey-breasted Martin, Progne chalybea

White-winged Swallow, Tachycineta albiventer

Blue-and-white Swallow, Pygochelidon cyanoleuca

Brown-bellied Swallow, Notiochelidon murina

White-banded Swallow, Atticora fasciata

Southern Rough-winged Swallow, Stelgidopteryx ruficollis

Chestnut-collared Swallow, Petrochelidon rufocollaris

Barn Swallow, Hirundo rustica

White-capped Dipper, Cinclus leucocephalus

Paramo Pipit, Anthus bogotensis

[Thrush-like Wren, Campylorhynchus turdinus]

Inca Wren, Thrythorus eisenmanni

[Moustached Wren, Thrythorus genibarbis]

House Wren, Troglodytes aedon

Mountain Wren, Troglodytes solstitialis

Gray-breasted Wood-Wren, Henicorhina leucophrys

[Scaly-breasted Wren, Microcerculus marginatus]

Long-tailed Mockingbird, Mimus longicaudatus

Pale-eyed Thrush, Platycichla leucops

Chiguanco Thrush, Turdus chiguanco

Great Thrush, Turdus fuscater

Andean Slaty-Thrush, Turdus nigriceps

Creamy-bellied Thrush, Turdus amaurochalinus

Lawrence's Thrush, Turdus lawrencii

Purplish Jay, Cyanocorax cyanomelas

Violaceous Jay, Cyanocorax violaceus

House Sparrow, Passer domesticus

Brown-capped Vireo, Vireo leucophrys

Red-eyed Vireo, Vireo olivaceus

Hooded Siskin, Carduelis magellanica

Tropical Parula, Parula pitiayumi

Slate-throated Redstart, Myioborus miniatus

Spectacled Redstart, Myioborus melanocephalus

Pale-legged Warbler, Basileuterus signatus

Citrine Warbler, Basileuterus luteoviridis

Russet-crowned Warbler, Basileuterus coronatus

Bananaquit, Coereba flaveola

Cinereous Conebill, Conirostrum cinereum

White-browed Conebill, Cionirostrum ferrugineiventre

Capped Conebill, Conirostrum albifrons

Magpie Tanager, Cissopis leveriana

Black-capped Hemispingus, Hemispingus atropileus

Parodi's Hemispingus, Hemispingus parodii

Superciliaried Hemispingus, Hemispingus superciliaris

Rust-and-yellow Tanager, Thlypopis ruficeps

Rufous-crested Tanager, Creurgops verticalis

Hepatic Tanager, Piranga flava

Silver-beaked Tanager, Ramphocelus carbo

Blue-gray Tanager, Thraupis episcopus

Blue-capped Tanager, Thraupis cyanocephala

Blue-and-yellow Tanager, Thraupis bonariensis

Palm Tanager, Thraupis palmarum

Hooded Mountain-Tanager, Buthraupis montana

Scarlet-bellied Mountain-Tanager, Anisognathus igniventris

Golden-collared Tanager, Iridosornis jelskii

Yellow-scarfed Tanager, Iridosornis reinhardti

Chestnut-bellied Mountain-Tanager, Delothraupis castaneoventris

Fawn-breasted Tanager, Pipraeidea melanonota

Thick-billed Euphonia, Euphonia laniirostris

White-lored Euphonia, Euphonia chrysopasta

Orange-bellied Euphonia, Euphonia xanthogaster

Saffron-crowned Tanager, Tangara xanthocephala

Blue-necked Tanager, Tangara cyanicollis

Blue-and-black Tanager, Tangara vassorii

Silver-backed Tanager, Tangara viridicollis

Opal-crowned Tanager, Tangara callophrys

Blue Dacnis, Dacnis cayana

Tit-like Dacnis, Xenodacnis parina

Swallow-Tanager, Tersina viridis

Plushcap, Catamblyrhynchus diadema

Peruvian Sierra-Finch, Phrygilus punensis

Plumbeous Sierra-Finch, Phrygilus unicolor

Ash-breasted Sierra-Finch, Phrygilus plebejus

Chestnut-breasted Mountain-Finch, Poospiza caesar

Collared Warbling-Finch, Poospiza hispaniolensis

Blue-black Grassquit, Volatinia jacarina

Caqueta Seedeater, Sporophila murallea

Double-collared Seedeater, Sporophila caerulescens

Chestnut-bellied Seedeater, Sporophila castaneiventris

Chestnut-throated Seedeater, Sporophila telasco

Band-tailed Seedeater, Catamenia analis

Plain-coloured Seedeater, Catamenia inornata

Paramo Seedeater, Catamenia homochroa

Rusty Flowerpiercer, Diglossa sittoides

Moustached Flowerpiercer, Diglossa mystacalis

Black-throated Flowerpiercer, Diglossa brunneiventris

Masked Flowerpiercer, Diglossopis cyanea

Greenish Yellow-Finch, Sicalis olivascens

Grassland Yellow-Finch, Sicalis luteola

Cusco Brush-Finch, Atlapetes schistaceus

Pectoral Sparrow, Arremon taciturnus

Yellow-browed Sparrow, Ammodramus aurifrons

Rufous-collared Sparrow, Zonotrichia capensis

Buff-throated Saltator, Saltator maximus

Golden-billed Saltator, Saltator aurantiirostris

Black-backed Grosbeak, Pheucticus aureoventris

Yellow-winged Blackbird, Agelaius thilius

Peruvian Meadowlark, Sternella bellicosa

Scrub Blackbird, Dives warszewiczi

Shiny Cowbird, Molothrus bonariensis

Giant Cowbird, Scaphidura oryzivora

Moriche Oriole, Icterus chrysocephalus

Troupial, Icterus icterus

Yellow-rumped Cacique, Cacicus cela

Crested Oropendola, Psarocolius decumanus

Russet-backed Oropendola, Psarocolius angustifrons

Amazonian Oropendola, Gymnostinops bifasciatus


Southern Sea-lion,  

Night Monkey, Aotus vociferans

Dusky Titi Monkey, Callicebus moloch

Squirrel Monkey, Saimiri sciureus

Brown Capuchin Monkey, Cebus apella

Red Howler Monkey, Alouatta seniculus

Coati, Nasua nasua

Capybara, Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris

Southern Amazon Red Squirrel, Sciurus spadiceus

Brown Agouti, Dasyprocta variegata

Marine Otter, Lontra felina

Giant Otter, Pteronura brasiliensis

Red Brocket Deer, Mazama americana

White-tailed Deer/Peruvian Guemel, Odocoileus virginianus/Hippocamelus antisensis

White-lipped Peccary, Tayassu pecari

Bicoloured-spined? Porcupine, Coendou bicolor

Bamboo Rat?,  



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