COLOMBIA:  25 June to 18 July  2015        Jon Hornbuckle

José Castaño Hernández, an excellent Colombian bird-guide, kindly invited me to join him on a trip to Mitu and Perija, two important sites in eastern Colombia which he had yet to visit. I decided to expand the trip to a partial clean-up in Colombia and invited Brian Foster and Rod Martins to join us. I gave José a list of birds I still needed after my previous three trips and he devised a 24 day itinerary, one week of which was devoted to Mitu. We omitted a few possible sites, notably Bahia Solano near the West coast and Inirida in the Northeast as both would have required return flights for only a few new birds, and other sites considered to be unsafe due to the drug-trade, eg in the far Southwest and near the Venezuelan border. Virtually all the itinerary was new to us except for Mitu which both Brian and I had visited in the 90s. José arranged all the logistics, based mainly on 4x4 vehicles, in which we covered considerable distances, and 4 internal flights. The main driver we used was very good and knew most of the sites: Juan Lopez 

Food and accommodation were relatively cheap as José was able to avoid use of expensive ProAves lodges. The only real mistake was the daily use of an expensive 4x4 at Mitu instead of the local cheap mototaxis. Some birding time was lost due to rain, mainly at Mitu, but not a lot.


The birding was successful with most of our targets seen, notably: -

Semicollared Hawk, Gorgeted Wood-Quail, Tolima Dove, Rufous-fronted Parakeet, Indigo-winged and Yellow-eared Parrots,  Andean Blossomcrown, Perija Metaltail, Perija Thistletail, Brown-banded Puffbird, Tawny-tufted Toucanet, Bar-bellied Woodcreeper, Chestnut-crested Antbird, Black Bushbird, White-bellied Dacnis and Mountain Grackle.


The main disappointments were the Antpittas – both Hooded and Cundinamarca were heard but not seen, the latter probably due to bad weather, and we failed to find Crescent-faced for Brian at two sites. The most surprising record was on the last full day when I got up pre-dawn to try to find Tawny-breasted Tinamou along the forested road near the Ventanus Peak farm where we were staying in the Yellow-eared Parrot Reserve. Jose had heard these Tinamous calling here earlier in the year but I failed to see or hear any, presumably due to the different time of year. However, I did see a Chestnut-bellied Cotinga perched up just after dawn but it flew off as I was preparing to photo it, never to be seen again. I was told this species has not been recorded from anywhere near here before and the record would not be accepted without definite evidence as it seems to be a rare bird in Colombia. I mentioned it to Barry Walker at the British Bird Fair a month later and he commented that there had been a recent single-person sighting record of this cotinga at a new site in Peru which was controversial especially as it was at a lower altitude than any previous record.


We are very grateful for all the help we received during this trip, especially by José Castaño Hernández  <>  who organized the entire trip apart from our international flights, Diego Calderon, Trevor Ellory, the local guides, and Barry Walker who identified the bird photos I was unsure of.


Jun 25: Arrive at Bogota from UK at 17.15, Jose takes us to cheap hotel en route to Monte Redondo.

Jun 26: AM Cundinamarca Antpitta site, drive back to Bogota airport to fly to Valledupar. OVN Caqueza.
Jun 27: Perijá mountains all day. OVN at Manaure.

Jun 28: AM Perijá mountains till 10.00, drive to Bucaramanga. OVN at nearby San Vicente.
Jun 29: Drive to CWR (Cerulean Warbler Reserve), look for Niceforo’s Wren and hummers, and bird the main CWR forest trail. OVN at San Vicente.
Jun 30: 05.30 at Gorgeted Wood-Quail feeder, CWR forest  then Hummer feeders, drive towards Taoist temple. OVN at Charala.
July 1:  Two hour drive to Templo Sakroakuarius: observe active Mountain Grackles,  drive to Tuja, bus to Bogota. OVN in 1 room at Hotel Real Estacion near Bogota airport.
July 2: 09.30-12.00 fly to Mitu on Satena Air, bird Urania Trail. OVN Hotel Los Paisas.
July 3 – 8: Pablo Nuevo, Tayazu, Cachivera and Botatoma trails, and Urania Road.

July 9: Urania Road am, fly to Bogota, drive to Ibagué. OVN  Ibagué.

July 10: Tolima Dove and Andean Blossomcrown sites. OVN  Ibagué.

July 11: Drive to Meremberg reserve. OVN Meremberg reserve lodge.
July 12:  AM bird Meremberg reserve, visit La Cascada de la Candelaria. Pm drive to Puracé-Popayán-Salento. OVN near Pereira.

July 13. AM drive to Hooded Antpitta site near Pereira, bird there. PM, drive to Fuertes Parrot  site at Sta Rosa de Cabal. OVN near Pereira.
July 14: Hooded Antpitta site till 10.00, drive to the paramo in Nevado del Ruiz NP (4300m) for Rufous-fronted Parakeet and Helmetcrest. OVN Termales del Ruiz Hotel. 

July 15: AM bird at the hotel hummer feeders and down the road;  drive to Mistrato, near Montezuma, late afternoon bird woodland near Mistrato. OVN Hotel Guntras, Mistrato.

July 16: AM at Mistrato forest for Semicollared Hawk with local guide Arnulfo; PM drive to Yellow-faced Parrot Reserve, Ventanus Peak, near Jardin. OVN at farm there.

July 17: AM bird reserve, PM drive slowly to Jardin: close views of lekking Cock-of-the-Rocks. 17.30 – 20.30 drive to Medellin.   OVN hotel near Medellin.

July 18: La Romera reserve near Medellin till 10.00, fly Medellin to Bogota Airport. PM fly home.

TICKS FOR JH: 22 in bold in the Daily Log.   Missed ticks (8): Tawny-breasted and Grey-legged Tinamous, Buff-fronted Owl, East Andean Antbird, Cundinamarca and Hooded Antpittas, Perija Brushfinch, White-naped Seedeater (has been common at Mitu but not seen by local guides for a year). I learnt after the trip that the only site we visited where we could have seen the antpitta was Meremberg Reserve.   



June 25-28: Arriving at Bogota late afternoon, we were met by Jose and taken to a cheap hotel on the way to Monte Redondo, the Cundinamarca Antpitta site. After an early drive to the site on 26th we spent a few hours on the track trying to see the one antpitta responding to playback. However it was rather dull and showery and the bird stayed in the thick undergrowth.


June 26:  MONTE REDONDO birds of interest

White-throated (Andean) Toucanet,  Crimson-mantled Woodpecker, Barred Antshrike, Cundinamarca Antpitta – Heard only, Long-tailed Tapaculo and Green-and-black Fruiteater (Heard), Black-collared Jay, Golden-fronted Redstart,

Superciliaried Hemispingus, Blue-and-black and Beryl-spangled Tanagers, Russet-backed Oropendola.

We had to return to Bogota airport to catch the afternoon flight to Valledupar. From there we drove towards the Perija mountains and found a cheap hotel at Caqueza.

The morning of 27th was spent in the remnant patches of mid-elevation woodland, seeing the nearly endemic Perija Tapaculo and Moustached (split) and Black-fronted Brush-Finches. Afternoon was on the paramo at 3200m looking for Perija Thistletail and Metaltail, both found fairly quickly, along with a few other good species, notably Rufous- breasted Chat- Tyrant and Perija (Golden-bellied) Starfrontlet. On the way down to Manaure, where we stayed the night, a few nightjars were seen including Band- winged of the form ruficervix, a likely new species (Nigel Cleere in litt.). Early the next day we returned to the mid-elevation Perijá mountains until 10.00, then drove a long way west to Bucaramanga and on to San Vicente de Chucuri where we found a hotel for the night.

June 27-28:  PERIJÁ MOUNTAINS birds of interest

Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle, Band-winged Nightjar, Amethyst-throated Sunangel, Green Violetear, Tyrian and Perija Metaltails, Golden-bellied/ Perija Starfrontlet, Coppery and Short-tailed Emeralds.

Collared Trogon, Santa Marta Toucanet, Chestnut-crowned Antpitta, Perija Tapaculo, Perija Thistletail, Rufous Spinetail, White-throated Tyrannulet, Mountain Elaenia, Rufous-breasted Chat-Tyrant, Golden-crowned and Sulphur-bellied Flycatchers.

Rufous-naped Greenlet, White-headed Wren, Slate-throated Gnatcatcher, Orange-billed Nightingale-Thrush, Black-hooded Thrush, Citrine Warbler, Oleaginous Hemispingus, Lacrimose Mountain-Tanager, Black-headed Tanager, Plushcap, Paramo Seedeater, Black, White-sided, Rusty and Masked Flowerpiercers, Slaty, Moustached and Black-fronted Brush-Finches, Common Bush-Tanager, Crested Oropendola.


Jun 29-30:  After a short drive to look for Niceforo’s Wren below the Cerulean Warbler Reserve, we continued to the nearby hummer feeders, where Gorgeted Woodstar was a highlight, and then on to the CWR trails. I walked up to the drier woodland where Mountain Grackle is sometimes seen, but not by me, whilst lower down the others had good views of Rusty-breasted Antpitta. Late afternoon we returned to San Vicente de Chucuri for a better view of Niceforo’s Wren and spotted a perched Common Potoo. Night at last night’s hotel.

An early start the next day saw us at 05.30 at the Gorgeted Wood-Quail feeder site in the CWR forest. No WQs came to the food but one was calling and responded to play-back, giving brief views. More time on the trails was not rewarding but the hummer feeders outside the forest did give us a rare male Chestnut-bellied Hummingbird. Good views of a Yellow-browed Shrike-Vireo, a bird that had eluded me on previous Colombian trips, were the final success before we returned to the car for the long afternoon drive towards the Taoist Temple, eventually finding a hotel for the night at the old town of Charala .
June 29- 30:  CAERULEAN WARBLER RESERVE birds of interest

Colombian Chachalaca, Gorgeted Wood-Quail, Common Pauraque, Common Potoo.

White-necked Jacobin, Green Hermit, Brown Violetear, Speckled Hummingbird, Long-tailed Sylph, Black Inca, Green-crowned Brilliant, Gorgeted Woodstar, Green-crowned Woodnymph, Chestnut-bellied Hummingbird, Andean Emerald, Steely-vented, Indigo-capped, Rufous-tailed and Violet-capped Hummingbirds.

Red-crowned Woodpecker, Yellow-headed Caracara, Spectacled Parrotlet, Rusty-breasted Antpitta, Pale-bellied Tapaculo (Heard), Pale-breasted Spinetail, Golden-faced Tyrannulet, Ornate, Streak-necked and Streaked Flycatchers, Yellow-browed Shrike-Vireo, Band-backed and Bicoloured Wrens, Rufous-capped Warbler, Crimson-backed, Flame-rumped and Blue-necked Tanagers, Carib Grackle and Yellow-backed Oriole.


July 1:  After a two hour drive we arrived at the Taoist Temple that Jose and his wife had often visited and seen Mountain Grackle, a bird often difficult to find elsewhere. Sure enough, we soon saw several pairs just outside the temple gates and were able to watch their activities for some time, including one with a nest. Mountain Cacique and Epaulet Oriole were also present. We had local food at the temple, met some of its inhabitants and heard about its history, before departing for Tuja. Here we changed money, had lunch, said farewell to our excellent driver and took a bus to Bogota. Jose booked us into one large room at Hotel Real Estacion near Bogota airport for the night.

July 2-9 :  09.30-12.00 flight to Mitu on Satena Air, checked into Hotel Las Paisas for the week. PM birding Urania road and trail.

July 3:  Pueblo Nuevo trail. July 4: Tayasu trail. July 5:  Cachivera trail for Guianan Cock-of-the Rock. July 6:  AM Pueblo Nuevo trail, PM  Urania road. July 7:  AM  Urania road and Cachivera trail, PM heavy rain, Ceima. July 8:  Bocatoma Trail. July 9:  AM  Urania road, PM  fly to Bogota, drive to Ibagué and overnight there.  

MITU  is a very detailed and well-written blog by Kathi and Josh of their birding visit to Mitu from June 13 – 23, slightly longer and just before our visit. . They stayed at the same hotel as us, used the same local guides and saw many of the same birds plus quite a few we did not record. They deal with issues such as the need for permission from the local indigenous communities, arranging and paying local guides, transport, etc, so I am not going to describe this here except to state Diego Calderon’s advice to me, which is bound to be good, to get in touch before a visit to Mitu, with Jorge Gonzalez ( and/or Gloria Amparo Rivera ( from Etno Aves Vaupés, preferably by emailing them in Spanish.

July 2 – 9  MITU  birds of interest

Dark-billed Cuckoo, Pale-tailed Barbthroat, Straight-billed and Reddish Hermit, Black-throated Mango, Violet-crowned and Fork-tailed  Woodnymphs and White-chinned Sapphire.

Pavonine Quetzal, White-tailed, Green-backed and Amazonian Trogons, Amazonian Motmot, Spotted and Brown-banded Puffbirds, White-fronted Nunbird, Yellow-billed, Bronzy and Great Jacamars, Gilded Barbet, Lettered and Many-banded Aracaris, Tawny-tufted Toucanet, and White-throated Toucan.

Orinoco Piculet, Red-stained, Yellow-throated, Scale-breasted , Chestnut, Cream-coloured and Red-necked Woodpeckers. Black and Red-throated Caracaras.

Maroon-tailed and Cobalt-winged Parakeets, Black-headed and Red-fan Parrots.

Amazonian, Dusky-throated and Pearly Antshrikes, Black Bushbird, Stipple-throated, Spot-backed and Yellow-throated  Antwrens, Dusky, Black-faced, White-plumed, White-cheeked, Spot-backed, Grey-bellied and Chestnut-crested Antbirds, Strong-billed, Elegant Amazonian, Barred and Bar-bellied Woodcreepers.

Chestnut-winged Hookbill, Buff-throated and Olive-backed Foliage-gleaners, Speckled Spinetail.

Ochre-bellied and Amazonian Scrub-Flycatcher, Ringed Antpipit, Black-headed Tody-Flycatcher, Dusky-chested and  Crowned Slaty Flycatchers.

Guianan Cock-of-the-rock, Purple-breasted, Spangled and Pompadour Cotingas, White-browed Purpletuft.

Saffron-crested and Dwarf Tyrant-Manakins, Blue-crowned, White-bearded, White-crowned and Golden-headed Manakins.

Masked, Yellow-bellied, Turquoise, Paradise, Opal-rumped and Green-and-gold Tanagers, White-bellied Dacnis.

Slate-coloured  and Blue-black Grosbeaks.

July 10  IBAGUÉ: AM drove to Calrita Botero Road for Tolima Dove, returned to Ibagué for lunch then took a different road to Jose’s site for Andean Blossomcrown. After a good view, returned to Ibagué for the night. 

Birds of interest:  Tolima Dove, Andean Blossomcrown, Long-tailed Sylph, Greenish Puffleg, Bronzy Inca

Acorn Woodpecker, Bronze-winged Parrot, Blackish Tapaculo (Heard), Spillmann's Tapaculo.

Yellow-headed Manakin, Barred Becard, Andean Solitaire, Blue-winged Mountain-Tanager, Metallic-green Tanager.


July 11-12: Long drive to Meremberg Reserve, south of Huila, with not much time for birding. Night at Meremberg Lodge.

Owling in Meremberg forest before dawn: heard Stygian Owl but not the hoped for Buff-fronted Owl. After breakfast birded forest in the reserve and roadside woodland: Ocellated and Upper Magdalena Tapaculos, Dusky-headed Brush-Finch and White-capped Tanagers but no Crescent-faced Antpitta. PM drove to Puracé, birding on the way, then Popayán and on to Salento.  Overnight near Pereira.

July 11-12  MEREMBERG RESERVE  birds of interest:  

Colombian Chachalaca, Stygian Owl - Heard - Ocellated and Upper Magdalena Tapaculo.

Yellow-headed Manakin, White-capped Tanager, Hooded Mountain-Tanager,  Grass-green and Saffron-crowned Tanagers. Dusky-headed Brush-Finch and Common Bush-Tanager.

Brown-backed Chat-Tyrant and Scarlet-bellied Mountain-Tanager at Puracé.  


July 13: Drove to Hooded Antpitta site near Pereira, spent all morning there but the Antpitta was only heard calling a few times. PM drove to an Indigo-winged (Fuertes) Parrot  site at Santa Rosa de Cabal, where we were able to watch the parrots feeding in trees.  Drove back to the Pereira hotel for the night.

July 13:  PEREIRA and SANTA ROSA DE CABAL birds of interest:  

Black-billed Mountain-Toucan, Hooded Antpitta (Heard), Spotted Barbtail, Cinnamon Flycatcher, Red-ruffed Fruitcrow.

Andean Guan, Collared Inca, Grey-breasted Mountain-Toucan, Rusty-faced, Scaly-naped and Indigo-winged Parrots.

Chestnut-naped Antpitta, Red-crested Cotinga.


July 14: Hooded Antpitta site till 10.00, drive to Paramo del Ruiz (4300m) for Buffy Helmetcrest, Tawny Antpitta, and Rufous-fronted Parakeets feeding and roosting on cliff-face. Night at Termales del Ruiz Hotel. In the morning of 15th spent some time at the hotel hummer-feeders, after a quick swim in the warm water of the outdoor swimming-pool.  After breakfast we birded down the road below the hotel. Mid-morning we started another long drive, to Mistrato (2800m), dropping Jose off near Jardin where he lives. Hours later we reached Hotel Guntras, Mistrato, and met Arnulfo who then took us birding in the local woodland.

July  14-15  PARAMO and TERMALES DEL RUIZ birds of interest:  

Mountain Velvetbreast, Tourmaline Sunangel, Rainbow-bearded Thornbill, Buffy Helmetcrest, Viridian Metaltail, Greenish,  Black-thighed and Golden-breasted Puffleg, Shining Sunbeam, Collared Inca, Buff-winged Starfrontlet, Great Sapphirewing, Sword-billed Hummingbird, Booted Racket-tail, Rufous-tailed Hummingbird.

Andean Motmot, Rufous-fronted Parakeet, Bicoloured Antpitta (Heard), Tawny Antpitta, Spillmann's Tapaculo, Andean Tit-Spinetail, Many-striped Canastero.

Brown-backed Chat-Tyrant, Rufous Wren, Plushcap, Plumbeous Sierra-Finch, Pale-naped BrushFinch.


July 16: AM at Mistrato forest where Arnulfo had photo’d a Semicollared Hawk perched in a tree a few months earlier. A couple of hours later one flew over, followed after another hour or so by what looked like a different Semicollared. We drove to the other side of the valley and found a good number of other birds mainly feeding in the trees. We eventually drove back to Hotel Guntras, checked out and said our farewells and thanks to Arnulfo, then drove to Ventanus Peak Reserve, near Jardin. We arrived in time to see several Yellow-faced Parrots flying to roost in the hills. Night at the hostel-type rooms attached to the large farmhouse there.

July  15-16:  MISTRATO  birds of interest:  

Black and Ornate Hawk-Eagles, Semicollared Hawk, all in flight.

Violet-tailed Sylph, Golden-headed Quetzal, Red-headed Barbet, Black-mandibled Toucan, Greyish Piculet, Golden-olive Woodpecker, Montane Woodcreeper, Scaly-throated and Buff-fronted Foliage-gleaners.

Variegated Bristle-Tyrant, Choco Tyrannulet, Dusky-capped and Cinnamon Flycatchers, Scaled Fruiteater, Sharpe's Wren.

Black-and-gold, Golden-chested, Purplish-mantled, Glistening-green, Multicoloured, Golden-naped, Flame-faced and Golden Tanagers, Golden-collared Honeycreeper, Hepatic Tanager.


July 17: AM  birding at the reserve, including watching the hand-feeding of a Rufous Antpitta. Had lunch near the active hummer-feeders at the farm, then slowly drove with birding stops to the Andean Cock-of-the-Rock lek at Jardin. Drove to Medellin in the evening, eventually finding an acceptable hotel in a town outside the city..

July  16-17:  VENTANUS PEAK RESERVE to JARDIN  birds of interest:  

Sickle-winged Guan, White-rumped Hawk, White-tailed Hawk.

Mountain Velvetbreast, Tourmaline Sunangel, Black-thighed Puffleg, Collared Inca, Sword-billed Hummingbird, Booted Racket-tail, Golden-headed Quetzal, Andean Motmot, Yellow-faced Parrots.

Rufous and Chestnut-naped Antpittas, Cinnamon Flycatcher, Chestnut-bellied Cotinga, Chestnut-crested Cotinga,

6+ Andean Cock-of-the-Rock at the Jardin lek, and Grey-hooded Bush-Tanager.


July 18: Early departure for La Romera reserve, birding there till 10.00. Fly from Medellin to Bogota Airport. PM fly home.

La Romera reserve: Yellow-headed Manakin, Stiles's Tapaculo, Black-capped Tanager, Red-bellied Grackle.



White-throated Tinamou, Tinamus guttatus,                 Heard at Mitu, Tayasu trail   

Little Tinamou, Crypturellus, soui,                               1 at CWR (Cerulean Warbler Reserve) and 8 Mitu

Colombian Chachalaca, Ortalis, columbiana,               A few at CWR and Meremberg Reserve

Speckled Chachalaca, Ortalis, guttata,                         A few on 3 dates at Mitu

Andean Guan, Penelope, montagnii,                            2 at Santa Rosa de Cabal

Spix's Guan, Penelope, jacquacu,                                1 at 6 Mitu

Sickle-winged Guan, Chamaepetes, goudotii,               1 at Ventanus Peak Reserve on 17th and 18th

Chestnut Wood-Quail, Odontophorus, hyperythrus,     Heard at the Hooded Antpitta site

Gorgeted Wood-Quail, Odontophorus, strophium,       1 at CWR

Great Egret, Ardea, alba,                                             A few at Mitu

Snowy Egret, Egretta thula,                                         A few sightings

Cattle Egret, Bubulcus, ibis,                                        A few sightings

Green Ibis, Mesembrinibis, cayennensis,                    2 at Ceima and 1 at Urania Road, Mitu

Bare-faced Ibis , Phimosus infuscatus,                        20+ roosting on pylons and a few at Termales del Ruiz and on the way to Ventanus Peak

Black Vulture, Coragyps, atratus,                                 Common except at Mitu

Turkey Vulture, Cathartes aura,                                   A few scattered throughout

Greater Yellow-headed Vulture, Cathartes, melambrotus,  1 or 2 on three dates at Mitu

Swallow-tailed Kite, Elanoides, forficatus,                    6 on 28th and a few at Mitu

Black Hawk-Eagle, Spizaetus, tyrannus,                      1 at Mistrato

Ornate Hawk-Eagle, Spizaetus, ornatus,                      1 soaring at Mistrato

Plumbeous Kite, Ictinia, plumbea,                                1 on four dates at Mitu

Semicollared Hawk, Accipiter, collaris,                        2 in flight at Mistrato

Savanna Hawk, Buteogallus, meridionalis,                  1 at CWR

Roadside Hawk, Rupornis, magnirostris,                     Singles throughout on 11 dates

White-rumped Hawk, Parabuteo, leucorrhous,             1 at Ventanus Peak Reserve

White-tailed Hawk, Buteo, albicaudatus,                      1 near Jardin

Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle, Geranoaetus, melanoleucus,  1 soaring in Perijá mountains

Ocellated Crake, Micropygia, schomburgkii,              Heard at Mitu

Southern Lapwing, Vanellus, chilensis, few Mitu          A few at Mitu

Andean Lapwing, Vanellus, resplendens,                     2 at Ibage

Wattled Jacana, Jacana, jacana,                                   2 at Mitu

Pale-vented Pigeon, Patagioenas, cayennensis,           2 at Perija

Band-tailed Pigeon, Patagioenas, fasciata,                   Widely scattered at higher elevations

Plumbeous Pigeon, Patagioenas, plumbea,                  Heard at Mitu

Ruddy Pigeon, Patagioenas, subvinacea,                     A few singles at CWR and Mitu

Plain-breasted Ground-Dove, Columbina, minuta         1 at Urania Road, Mitu

Ruddy Ground-Dove, Columbina, talpacoti                  Fairly common at CWR and the San Vicente de Chucuri region

Blue Ground-Dove, Claravis, pretiosa                          Singles on three dates at Mitu

Eared Dove, Zenaida, auriculata                                  A few at La Romera reserve

White-tipped Dove, Leptotila, verreauxi                                    A few in the CWR region and 2+ near Ibagué

Tolima Dove, Leptotila, conoveri                                 3 near Ibagué

Grey-fronted Dove   , Leptotila, rufaxilla                      A few at Mitu

Squirrel Cuckoo, Piaya, cayana                                                1 at CWR and 2 singles at Mitu

Dark-billed Cuckoo, Coccyzus, melacoryphus              1 at Urania road, Mitu

Striped Cuckoo, Tapera, naevia                                                Heard at CWR

Smooth-billed Ani, Crotophaga, ani,                             Fairly common in the lowlands

Tropical Screech-Owl, Megascops, choliba,                 Heard at CWR

Rufous-banded Owl, Ciccaba albitarsus                       Heard at Ventanus Peak farmhouse (JH)

Stygian Owl, Asio, stygius,                                          Heard at Meremberg reserve

Common Pauraque, Nyctidromus, albicollis,               A few near CWR, at Mitu and in the Pereira area

Band-winged Nightjar, Caprimulgus, longirostris,        A few in the lower elevations of Perija and 1 at Termales del Ruiz

Common Potoo, Nyctibius, griseus,                             1 seen near San Vicente de Chucuri, others heard

Chestnut-collared Swift, Streptoprocne, rutila,                         A few in the Perija Mts

White-collared Swift, Streptoprocne, zonaris,               A few in the Perija Mts and at Santa Rosa de Cabal

Short-tailed Swift, Chaetura, brachyura,                       Fairly common at Mitu

Grey-rumped Swift    , Chaetura, cinerieventris                        A few at Mitu,

White-tipped Swift, Aeronautes, montivagus,               A few in the Perija’s Mts

Lesser Swallow-tailed Swift, Panyptila, cayennensis,    1 at Urania road, Mitu

Fork-tailed Palm-Swift, Tachornis, squamata,               A few at Urania road, Mitu

White-necked Jacobin, Florisuga, mellivora,                Several at CWR

Pale-tailed Barbthroat, Threnetes, leucurus,                 2 at Tayasu and Cachivera trails, Mitu  

Green Hermit, Phaethornis, guy,                                  2 at CWR

Straight-billed Hermit, Phaethornis, bourcieri,                          1 at Pueblo Nuevo trail, Mitu

Reddish Hermit, Phaethornis, ruber,                            2 at Tayasu trail, Mitu  

Brown Violetear, Colibri, delphinae,                             1 at CWR        

Green Violetear, Colibri, thalassinus,                           2 in the Perija Mts

Sparkling Violetear, Colibri, coruscans,                       3 in the Perija Mts and 2 at CWR and Termales del Ruiz Hotel

Mountain Velvetbreast, Lafresnaya, lafresnayi,             A few at Termales del Ruiz Hotel and Ventanus Peak Reserve

Black-throated Mango, Anthracothorax, nigricollis,     2 at CWR and 1 or 2 on 3 dates in Mitu

Amethyst-throated Sunangel, Heliangelus, amethysticollis,  2 in the Perija Mts

Tourmaline Sunangel, Heliangelus, exortis,                  1 at Termales del Ruiz Hotel and 2 at Ventanus Peak Reserve

Speckled Hummingbird, Adelomyia, melanogenys,      3 at CWR and 1 near Ibagué and 3 other sites

Andean Blossomcrown, Anthocephala, berlepschi,      A male at Jose’s site near Ibagué

Long-tailed Sylph, Aglaiocercus, kingi,                        3 at CWR and 2 at Ibagué

Violet-tailed Sylph, Aglaiocercus, coelestis,                 2 at Mistrato

Rainbow-bearded Thornbill, Chalcostigma, herrani,      3 at Termales del Ruiz Hotel

Buffy Helmetcrest, Oxypogon, stubelii,                        4 at Paramo del Ruiz

Viridian Metaltail, Metallura, williami,                           1 at Termales del Ruiz Hotel

Perija Metaltail, Metallura, iracunda,                            1 in the Perija Mts

Tyrian Metaltail, Metallura, tyrianthina,                        2 in the Perija Mts

Greenish Puffleg, Haplophaedia, aureliae,                    1 near Ibagué and at Termales del Ruiz Hotel

Black-thighed Puffleg, Eriocnemis, derbyi,                   2 at Termales del Ruiz Hotel and 1 at Ventanus Peak Reserve

Golden-breasted Puffleg, Eriocnemis, mosquera,         2 at Termales del Ruiz Hotel

Shining Sunbeam, Aglaeactis, cupripennis,                 3 at Termales del Ruiz Hotel

Bronzy Inca, Coeligena, coeligena,                              1 near Ibagué and Pereira, and at Santa Rosa de Cabal

Black Inca, Coeligena, prunellei,                                 3 at CWR

Collared Inca, Coeligena, torquata,                              2 at Santa Rosa de Cabal, 3 at Termales del Ruiz Hotel and 6 at Ventanus Peak Reserve

Perija/Golden-bellied Starfrontlet, Coeligena, bonapartei,  1 in the Perija Mts

Buff-winged Starfrontlet, Coeligena, lutetiae,                5 at Termales del Ruiz Hotel

Sword-billed Hummingbird, Ensifera, ensifera,                          1 at Termales del Ruiz Hotel and Ventanus Peak Reserve

Great Sapphirewing, Pterophanes, cyanopterus,          2 at Termales del Ruiz Hotel

Buff-tailed Coronet, Boissonneaua, flavescens,            6 at Ventanus Peak Reserve

Booted Racket-tail, Ocreatus, underwoodii,                 2 at Termales del Ruiz Hotel and Ventanus Peak Reserve

Green-crowned Brilliant, Heliodoxa, jacula,                   3 at CWR

Gorgeted Woodstar, Chaetocercus, heliodor,               1 at CWR

Coppery Emerald, Chlorostilbon, russatus,                 1 at Perija Mts

Short-tailed Emerald, Chlorostilbon, poortmani,          1+ in the Perija Mts

Violet-crowned Woodnymph, Thalurania, colombica,    1 at Urania Rd, Mitu

Green-crowned Woodnymph, Thalurania, colombica,   2 at CWR

Fork-tailed Woodnymph, Thalurania, furcata,               2 at Tayasu trail, Mitu

Chestnut-bellied Hummingbird, Amazilia, castaneiventris,  1 at CWR feeders

Andean Emerald, Amazilia, franciae,                            5 at CWR

Steely-vented Hummingbird, Amazilia, saucerrottei,    2 at CWR

Indigo-capped Hummingbird, Amazilia, cyanifrons,      1 at CWR  

Rufous-tailed Hummingbird, Amazilia, tzacatl,                          4 at CWR and Taoist Temple, and 3 at Termales del Ruiz Hotel

Violet-capped Hummingbird, Goldmania, violiceps,      1 at CWR

White-chinned Sapphire, Hylocharis, cyanus,               1 at Tayasu trail, Mitu

Pavonine Quetzal, Pharomachrus, pavoninus,             1 at Pueblo Nuevo trail

Golden-headed Quetzal, Pharomachrus, auriceps,       1 at Mistrato, 2 at Ventanus Peak Reserve

White-tailed Trogon, Trogon, chionurus,                      2 at Pueblo Nuevo trail, Mitu

Green-backed Trogon, Trogon, viridis,                         1 on two dates at Mitu

Amazonian Trogon, Trogon, ramonianus,                     1 at Urania road, Mitu

Collared Trogon, Trogon, collaris,                                2 in the Perija Mts

Amazonian Motmot, Momotus, momota,                       1 at Tayasu and Cachivera trails, Mitu

Andean Motmot, Momotus, aequatorialis,                    1 at Paramo del Ruiz and Ventanus Peak Reserve

Rufous Motmot,, Baryphthengus, martii,                      Heard somewhere

Amazon Kingfisher, Chloroceryle, amazona,                1 at Urania road, Mitu

Green Kingfisher, Chloroceryle, americana,                 2 at Cachivera and Pueblo Nuevo trails, Mitu

Brown-banded Puffbird, Notharchus, ordii,                   2 at Tayasu trail, Mitu

Spotted Puffbird, Bucco, tamatia,                                 1 at Pueblo Nuevo trail, Mitu

White-fronted Nunbird, Monasa, morphoeus,                2 at Tayasu and Cachivera trails, Mitu

Swallow-winged Puffbird, Chelidoptera, tenebrosa,      5 at Tayasu and Bocatoma trails, Mitu

Yellow-billed Jacamar, Galbula, albirostris,                  1 at Pueblo Nuevo trail and Urania road  

Bronzy Jacamar, Galbula, leucogastra,                        1 at Pueblo Nuevo trail and Urania road  

Great Jacamar, Jacamerops, aureus,                           1 at Tayasu trail, Mitu

Gilded Barbet, Capito, auratus,                                    1 at Pueblo Nuevo, Cachivera and Bocatoma trails

Red-headed Barbet, Eubucco, bourcierii,                     1 at Mistrato

Santa Marta Toucanet, Aulacorhynchus lautus                        2 in the Perija mts

White-throated (Andean) Toucanet, Aulacorhynchus, albivitta,   1 at Monte Redondo

Grey-breasted Mountain-Toucan, Andigena, hypoglauca,  A pair at Santa Rosa de Cabal

Black-billed Mountain-Toucan, Andigena, nigrirostris,              1 near Pereira and at Santa Rosa de Cabal

Lettered Aracari, Pteroglossus, inscriptus,                  1 at Tayasu trail

Many-banded Aracari, Pteroglossus, pluricinctus,       2 at Urania road

Tawny-tufted Toucanet, Selenidera, nattereri,                          4 at Pueblo Nuevo trail

Black-mandibled Toucan  , Ramphastos, ambiguus,     1 at Mistrato 

White-throated Toucan, Ramphastos, tucanus,            1 at Tayasu, Cachivera and Bocatoma trails    

Orinoco Piculet, Picumnus, pumilus,                           2 at Pueblo Nuevo trail

Greyish Piculet, Picumnus, granadensis,                     1 at Mistrato

Acorn Woodpecker, Melanerpes, formicivorus,            1 near Ibague

Yellow-tufted Woodpecker, Melanerpes, cruentatus,     3 singles at Mitu

Red-crowned Woodpecker, Melanerpes, rubricapillus,  2 at CWR

Red-stained Woodpecker, Veniliornis, affinis,                          1 at Bocatoma trail       

Yellow-throated Woodpecker, Piculus, flavigula,           1 at Tayasu trail

Golden-olive Woodpecker, Colaptes, rubiginosus,       1 at Mistrato

Crimson-mantled Woodpecker, Colaptes, rivolii,          1 at Monte Redondo and near Ibague

Scale-breasted Woodpecker, Celeus, grammicus,        1 at Pueblo Nuevo trail and Urania road

Chestnut Woodpecker, Celeus, elegans,                       1 at Urania road

Cream-coloured Woodpecker, Celeus, flavus,                           A few at Cachivera trail

Lineated Woodpecker   , Dryocopus, lineatus,              1 at CWR and Mitu

Red-necked Woodpecker, Campephilus, rubricollis,    1 at Tayasu trail

Crimson-crested Woodpecker, Campephilus, melanoleucos,   1 at Urania road

Black Caracara, Daptrius, ater,                                    1 on four dates at Mitu

Red-throated Caracara, Ibycter, americanus,               1 at Tayasu trail and on 7th at Mitu

Yellow-headed Caracara, Milvago, chimachima,           1 at CWR

American Kestrel, Falco, sparverius,                            Only 2 singles while traveling in the lowlands

Maroon-tailed Parakeet, Pyrrhura, melanura,               Small flocks on two occasions at Mitu  

Scarlet Macaw, Ara, macao,                                         1 or 2 on three occasions at Mitu

Blue-and-yellow Macaw, Ara, ararauna,                        2 on 6th at Mitu

Yellow-eared Parrot, Ognorhynchus, icterotis,             Small flocks of at least 20 in total flying from the roosts at Ventanus Peak Reserve       

Rufous-fronted Parakeet, Bolborhynchus, ferrugineifrons,  1 feeding in a tree below Paramo del Ruiz and 4 at the cliff roost site

Spectacled Parrotlet, Forpus, conspicillatus,               10+ at CWR

Cobalt-winged Parakeet, Brotogeris, cyanoptera,         Up to 7 on two dates at Mitu

Black-headed Parrot, Pionites, melanocephalus,          Fairly common at Mitu

Rusty-faced Parrot, Hapalopsittaca, amazonina,          A few at Santa Rosa de Cabal and

Indigo-winged Parrot, Hapalopsittaca, fuertesi,            4+ at Santa Rosa de Cabal

Bronze-winged Parrot, Pionus, chalcopterus,               2 near Ibaque

Scaly-naped Parrot, Amazona, mercenarius,                A few at Santa Rosa de Cabal

Mealy Parrot, Amazona, farinosa,                                A few at Urania road

Red-fan Parrot, Deroptyus, accipitrinus,                      2 at Urania and Tayasu trails

Fasciated Antshrike, Cymbilaimus, lineatus,                1 at Tayasu trail

Barred Antshrike, Thamnophilus, doliatus,                  1 at Monte Redondo and CWR

Amazonian Antshrike, Thamnophilus, amazonicus,      1 at Tayasu and Pueblo Nuevo trails

Pearly Antshrike, Megastictus, margaritatus,               1 at Pueblo Nuevo trail

Black Bushbird, Neoctantes, niger,                              1 at two sites on Pueblo Nuevo trail

Dusky-throated Antshrike, Thamnomanes, ardesiacus,            4 at Pueblo Nuevo trail

Stipple-throated Antwren, Epinecrophylla, haematonota,  2 at Pueblo Nuevo trail

Pygmy Antwren, Myrmotherula, brachyura,                 1 at Pueblo Nuevo trail

Yellow-throated Antwren, Myrmotherula, ambigua,       1 at Pueblo Nuevo trail

White-flanked Antwren, Myrmotherula, axillaris,          1 at Pueblo Nuevo and Bocatoma trails

Spot-backed Antwren, Herpsilochmus, dorsimaculatus,   1 at Bocatoma trail

Dusky Antbird, Cercomacra, tyrannina,                        1 at Cachivera trail

Black-faced Antbird, Myrmoborus, myotherinus,         1 at Tayasu trail

Grey-bellied Antbird, Myrmeciza, pelzelni,                    1 at Cachivera trail

Black-throated Antbird, Myrmeciza, atrothorax,            1 at Pueblo Nuevo trail

White-plumed Antbird, Pithys, albifrons,                       2 at Bocatoma trail

White-cheeked Antbird, Gymnopithys, leucaspis,         2 at Pueblo Nuevo and 3 at Bocatoma trails

Chestnut-crested Antbird, Rhegmatorhina, cristata,     3 at Pueblo Nuevo and 2 at Bocatoma trails

Spot-backed Antbird, Hylophylax, naevius,                   1 at Tayasu and Cachivera trails

Undulated Antpitta, Grallaria, squamigera,                   Heard at Termales del Ruiz

Chestnut-crowned Antpitta, Grallaria, ruficapilla,          1 at Perija Mts, heard near Ibaque

Cundinamarca Antpitta, Grallaria, kaestneri,                 One heard at Monte Redondo

Bicoloured Antpitta, Grallaria, rufocinerea,                   Heard at Termales del Ruiz

Chestnut-naped Antpitta, Grallaria, nuchalis,                1 at Santa Rosa de Cabal and Ventanus Peak Reserve

Rufous Antpitta, Grallaria, rufula,                                 1 at feeder in Ventanus Peak Reserve

Tawny Antpitta, Grallaria, quitensis,                            1 at Paramo del Ruiz

Thrush-like Antpitta, Myrmothera, campanisona,         Heard at Tayasu trail

Hooded Antpitta, Grallaricula, cucullata,                      Heard near Pereira

Rusty-breasted Antpitta, Grallaricula, ferrugineipectus,           1 at CWR

Ocellated Tapaculo, Acropternis, orthonyx,                 1 at Meremberg reserve

Blackish Tapaculo, Scytalopus, latrans,                       Heard near Ibague

Long-tailed Tapaculo, Scytalopus, micropterus,           Heard at Monte Redondo

Upper Magdalena Tapaculo, Scytalopus, rodriguezi,    1 at Meremberg reserve

Stiles's Tapaculo, Scytalopus, stilesi,                                      1 at La Romera reserve

Spillmann's Tapaculo, Scytalopus, spillmanni,             1 near Ibaque and at Termales del Ruiz, heard near Pereira

Pale-bellied Tapaculo, Scytalopus, griseicollis,            Heard at CWR

Perija Tapaculo, Scytalopus, perijanus (nigricans),     1 on both days at the lower elevations of the Perija Mts

Plain-brown Woodcreeper, Dendrocincla, fuliginosa,    1 at Urania road           

Wedge-billed Woodcreeper, Glyphorynchus, spirurus,             1 at Tayasu and Cachivera trails

Bar-bellied Woodcreeper, Hylexetastes, stresemanni,              3 at Cachivera trail

Strong-billed Woodcreeper, Xiphocolaptes, promeropirhynchus,  3 at Pueblo Nuevo and Cachivera trails

Elegant Woodcreeper, Xiphorhynchus, elegans,          1 at Pueblo Nuevo trail

Amazonian Barred Woodcreeper  , Dendrocolaptes, certhia,     1 at Mitu

Montane Woodcreeper, Lepidocolaptes, lacrymiger,    1 at Mistrato

Plain Xenops, Xenops, minutus,                                   1 at Mitu

Scaly-throated Foliage-gleaner, Anabacerthia, variegaticeps,  1 at Mistrato

Chestnut-winged Hookbill, Ancistrops, strigilatus,       1 at Pueblo Nuevo trail

Buff-fronted Foliage-gleaner,  Philydor rufus,               1 at Mistrato

Buff-throated Foliage-gleaner, Automolus, ochrolaemus,  1 at Pueblo Nuevo trail

Olive-backed Foliage-gleaner, Automolus, infuscatus,             1 at Bocatoma trail

Spotted Barbtail, Premnoplex, brunnescens,                1 near Pereira on both days

Andean Tit-Spinetail, Leptasthenura, andicola,             1 at Paramo del Ruiz

Many-striped Canastero, Asthenes, flammulata,          1 at Paramo del Ruiz

Perija Thistletail, Asthenes, perijana,                           1 in the Perija Mts

Speckled Spinetail, Cranioleuca  gutturata,                  1 at Pueblo Nuevo trail

Azara's Spinetail, Synallaxis azarae,                             1 at Ventanus Peak Reserve, heard at Perijas

Pale-breasted Spinetail, Synallaxis albescens,             1 at CWR

Rufous Spinetail, Synallaxis unirufa,                            1 seen, others heard in the Perijas

White-throated Tyrannulet, Mecocerculus leucophrys, 4 in the Perijas, 2 at Paramo del Ruiz

Grey/Forest Elaenia, Myiopagis caniceps/gaimardii,    1 at Bocatoma trail

Yellow-bellied Elaenia, Elaenia flavogaster,                  1 at CWR

Mountain Elaenia, Elaenia frantzii,                               I at Perijas

Streak-necked Flycatcher, Mionectes striaticollis,       1 near Ibagué

Ochre-bellied Flycatcher, Mionectes oleagineus,          1 at Bocatoma trail

Variegated Bristle-Tyrant, Phylloscartes poecilotis,     1 at Mistrato

Marble-faced Bristle-Tyrant, Phylloscartes ophthalmicus,  Heard at CWR

Black-capped Tyrannulet, Phyllomyias nigrocapillus, Seen somewhere

Choco Tyrannulet, Zimmerius albigularis,                    1 at Mistrato

Golden-faced Tyrannulet, Zimmerius chrysops,           1 at CWR

Amazonian Scrub-Flycatcher, Sublegatus obscurior,    1 at Mitu

Ornate Flycatcher, Myiotriccus ornatus,                      2 at CWR

Ringed Antpipit, Corythopis torquatus,                                    1 at Cachivera trail

Scale-crested Pygmy-Tyrant, Lophotriccus pileatus,   Heard at CDW

Common Tody-Flycatcher, Todirostrum cinereum,      1 at CDW and Urania road

Black-headed Tody-Flycatcher, Todirostrum nigriceps 1 at Urania road

Yellow-margined Flycatcher, Tolmomyias assimilis      1 at Bocatoma trail and Urania road

Cinnamon Flycatcher, Pyrrhomyias cinnamomeus       2 near Pereira, at Mistrato and Ventanus Peak Reserve

Cliff Flycatcher, Hirundinea ferruginea                        2 at Cachivera trail and Urania road

Black Phoebe, Sayornis nigricans                                2 near Jardin

Vermilion Flycatcher, Pyrocephalus rubinus                1 at CDW and Mistrato

Crowned Chat-Tyrant, Ochthoeca frontalis                  Heard at Puracé           

Rufous-breasted Chat-Tyrant, Ochthoeca rufipectoralis   1 in the Perijas

Brown-backed Chat-Tyrant, Ochthoeca fumicolor        1 at Puracé and Paramo del Ruiz

Cattle Tyrant, Machetornis rixosa                                1 at CDW

Dusky-capped Flycatcher, Myiarchus tuberculifer,       1 at 4 and Mistrato

Great Kiskadee, Pitangus sulphuratus,                        2 at CWR

Boat-billed Flycatcher, Megarynchus pitangua,            Seen at Mitu

Rusty-margined Flycatcher, Myiozetetes cayanensis,   1 at Urania road

Social Flycatcher, Myiozetetes similis,                        1 at CWR and Urania road

Dusky-chested Flycatcher, Myiozetetes luteiventris,    1 at Tayasu and Cachivera trails

Yellow-throated/White-ringed Flycatcher, Conopias parvus,  1 at Bocatoma trail

Golden-crowned Flycatcher, Myiodynastes, chrysocephalus, 1 in the Perijas and Mistrato 

Streaked Flycatcher, Myiodynastes maculatus,            1 at CWR

Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher, Myiodynastes luteiventris,             1 in the Perijas

Crowned Slaty Flycatcher, Empidonomus aurantioatrocristatus,  1 at Bocatoma trail

Variegated Flycatcher, Empidonomus varius,                          1 at Pueblo Nuevo trail

Sulphury Flycatcher, Tyrannopsis sulphurea,               1 at Bocatoma trail

Piratic Flycatcher  , Legatus leucophaius,                    1 at Mitu and heard at CWR

Tropical Kingbird, Tyrannus melancholicus,                 A few at CWR and Mistrato, common at Mitu

Fork-tailed Flycatcher, Tyrannus savana,                     1 at Perija Mts

Green-and-black Fruiteater, Pipreola riefferii,               Heard at Monte Redondo

Scaled Fruiteater, Ampeloides tschudii,                       1 at Mistrato

Chestnut-bellied Cotinga, Doliornis remseni,                1 at 2700 – 2600 meters at Ventanas Peak Reserve (JH)

Red-crested Cotinga, Ampelion rubrocristatus,           2 at Santa Rosa de Cabal

Chestnut-crested Cotinga, Ampelion rufaxilla,             1 at Ventanus Peak Reserve

Guianan Cock-of-the-rock, Rupicola rupicola,                          2 on 5th and 4 on 7th at Cachivera trail

Andean Cock-of-the-rock, Rupicola peruvianus,           6+ at the Jardin lek

Red-ruffed Fruitcrow, Pyroderus scutatus,                   1 near Pereira

Purple-breasted Cotinga, Cotinga cotinga,                   1 at Cachivera trail

Spangled Cotinga, Cotinga cayana,                              1 at Tayasu and Cachivera trails

Screaming Piha, Lipaugus vociferans,                         1 seen and several heard at Mitu

Pompadour Cotinga, Xipholena punicea,                      1 at Cachivera and Bocatoma trails

Saffron-crested Tyrant-Manakin, Neopelma chrysocephalum,  2 at Cachivera trail

Dwarf Tyrant-Manakin, Tyranneutes stolzmanni,         1 at Bocatoma trail

Blue-crowned Manakin, Lepidothrix coronata,              1 on three dates at Mitu

White-bearded Manakin, Manacus manacus,                1 at Urania and Cachivera trails

Yellow-headed Manakin, Xenopipo flavicapilla,            1 near Ibague and La Romera reserve

White-crowned Manakin, Pipra pipra,                           1 on three dates at Mitu

Golden-headed Manakin, Pipra erythrocephala,            1 on three dates at Mitu

Black-tailed Tityra, Tityra cayana,                                1 at Urania road and Tayasu trail

Cinereous Mourner, Laniocera hypopyrra,                    1 at Pueblo Nuevo trail

White-browed Purpletuft, Iodopleura isabellae,             1 at Tayasu and 2 at Bocatoma trails

Barred Becard, Pachyramphus versicolor,                   1 near Ibague

Cinereous/Chestnut-crowned Becard, Pachyramphus rufus/ castaneus,  1 at Urania road

Brown-capped Vireo, Vireo leucophrys,                        1 in the Perijas

Rufous-naped Greenlet, Hylophilus semibrunneus,      1 in the Perijas

Yellow-browed Shrike-Vireo, Vireolanius Cyanocorax, 1 at CWR

Rufous-browed Peppershrike, Cyclarhis gujanensis,    1 at Bocatoma trail

Black-collared Jay, Cyanolyca armillata,                      1+ at Monte Redondo

Green Jay, Cyanocorax yncas,                                    2 in the Perijas and near Ibague

Violaceous Jay, Cyanocorax violaceus,                       Heard at Urania road

Azure-naped Jay , Cyanocorax heilprini,                      Heard at Urania road    

Blue-and-white Swallow, Pyg ochelidon cyanoleuca,    A few in the Perijas, at Mitu and Ventanus Peak reserve

Brown-bellied Swallow, Orochelidon murina,                A few at Santa Rosa de Cabal and on the way to Mistrato

Brown-chested Martin, Progne tapera,                                      A few at Mitu

Scaly-breasted/Nightingale Wren, Microcerculus marginatus,   Heard at Mitu

House Wren, Troglodytes aedon,                                 1 at Mitu, heard at CWR

White-headed Wren, Campylorhynchus albobrunneus 2 in the Perijas

Band-backed Wren, Campylorhynchus zonatus,          1 at CWR

Bicoloured Wren, Campylorhynchus griseus,               1 at CWR

Whiskered Wren, Pheugopedius mystacalis,               Heard at CWR

Coraya Wren, Pheugopedius coraya,                           1 at Pueblo Nuevo trail and 2 on 7th at Mitu                       

Niceforo's Wren, Thryophilus nicefori,                         1 or 2 at San Vicente de Chucuri

Rufous Wren, Cinnycerthia unirufa,                             1 at Termales del Ruiz

Sharpe's Wren, Cinnycerthia olivascens,                     1 at Mistrato

White-breasted Wood-Wren, Henicorhina leucosticta, Heard at Mitu

Grey-breasted Wood-Wren, Henicorhina leucophrys,   1 at Monte Redondo and near Pereira, heard near Ibaque

Slate-throated Gnatcatcher, Polioptila schistaceigula, 1 in the Perijas 

Andean Solitaire, Myadestes ralloides,                         1 near Ibagué

Orange-billed Nightingale-Thrush, Catharus aurantiirostris,  1 in the Perijas

Pale-breasted Thrush, Turdus, leucomelas,                 2 at CWR

Black-billed Thrush, Turdus ignobilis,                          Seen somewhere

Black-hooded Thrush, Turdus olivater,                                     2 in the Perijas and 1 at CWR

Great Thrush, Turdus fuscater,                                    Fairly common in the mountains

White-necked Thrush Turdus albicollis,                       1 at Pueblo Nuevo trail

Tropical Mockingbird, Mimus gilvus,                            A few when travelling to and near San Vicente de Chucuri

Rufous-capped Warbler, Basileuterus rufifrons,           1 at CWR

Citrine Warbler, Myiothlypis luteoviridis,                     2 in the Perijas

Russet-crowned Warbler, Myiothlypis coronata,          1 near Ibaque, near Pereira and at Ventanus Peak Reserve

Slate-throated Redstart, Myioborus miniatus,               Fairly common in the mountains

Golden-fronted Redstart, Myioborus ornatus,               1 at Monte Redondo, Mistrato and 2 at La Romera reserve

Masked Yellowthroat  , Geothlypis aequinoctialis,       Seen somewhere

White-capped Tanager, Sericossypha albocristata,      4 near Meremberg Reserve

Superciliaried Hemispingus, Hemispingus superciliaris, 1 at Monte Redondo

Oleaginous Hemispingus , Hemispingus frontalis,       1 in the Perijas

Grey-hooded Bush Tanager, Cnemoscopus rubrirostris,  1 at Jardin

Fulvous-crested Tanager, Tachyphonus surinamus ,   1 at Cachivera and Bocatoma trails

Crimson-backed Tanager, Ramphocelus dimidiatus,   1 at CWR

Silver-beaked Tanager, Ramphocelus  carbo,                          Fairly common at Mitu

Flame-rumped Tanager (Lemon-rumped), Ramphocelus flammigerus,  1 at CWR

Blue-grey Tanager, Thraupis episcopus,                      A few at CWR and fairly common at Mitu

Palm Tanager, Thraupis palmarum,                             1 at CWR, several at Mitu and 2 at Mistrato

Blue-capped Tanager, Thraupis cyanocephala,            1 on both days in the Perijas and at Ventanus Peak Reserve

Black-and-gold Tanager, Bangsia melanochlamys,      1 at Mistrato

Golden-chested Tanager, Bangsia rothschildi,             1 at Mistrato

Hooded Mountain-Tanager , Buthraupis montana,        3 at Meremberg Reserve

Lacrimose Mountain-Tanager, Anisognathus lacrymosus,  1 in the Perijas and at Meremberg Reserve

Scarlet-bellied Mountain-Tanager, Anisognathus igniventris,  2 near Meremberg Reserve and near Pereira

Blue-winged Mountain-Tanager, Anisognathus somptuosus,  2 near Ibague

Grass-green Tanager, Chlorornis riefferii,                   1 at Meremberg Reserve

Purplish-mantled Tanager, Iridosornis porphyrocephalus, 1 at Mistrato

Glistening-green Tanager, Chlorochrysa phoenicotis, 1 at Mistrato

Multicoloured Tanager, Chlorochrysa nitidissima,       2 at Mistrato

Golden-naped Tanager, Tangara ruficervix,                  1 at Mistrato

Black-headed Tanager, Tangara cyanoptera,                1 in the Perijas

Black-capped Tanager, Tangara heinei,                        1 at La Romera reserve

Masked Tanager, Tangara, nigrocincta,                       1 at Cachivera trail and Urania road

Blue-necked Tanager, Tangara cyanicollis,                  1 at CWR and Mistrato

Yellow-bellied Tanager, Tangara xanthogastra,            1 at Pueblo Nuevo and Cachivera trails             

Blue-and-black Tanager, Tangara vassorii,                   2 at Monte Redondo

Beryl-spangled Tanager, Tangara nigroviridis,             1 at Monte Redondo

Metallic-green Tanager, Tangara labradorides,                        1 near Ibague  

Turquoise Tanager, Tangara mexicana,                       2 at Pueblo Nuevo

Paradise Tanager, Tangara chilensis,                                      Fairly common at Mitu

Opal-rumped Tanager, Tangara velia,                           2 at Pueblo Nuevo trail

Bay-headed Tanager, Tangara  gyrola,                         2 at Pueblo Nuevo trail

Saffron-crowned Tanager, Tangara xanthocephala,      1 near Ibague

Flame-faced Tanager, Tangara parzudakii,                  1 at Mistrato

Golden Tanager, Tangara arthus,                                 2 at Mistrato

Green-and-gold Tanager, Tangaras chrankii,                1 at Cachivera and Bocatoma trails

Swallow Tanager, Tersina viridis,                                A few at Mitu

White-bellied Dacnis, Dacnis albiventris,                      2 at Bocatoma trail

Black-faced Dacnis, Dacnis lineata,                             2 at Pueblo Nuevo trail

Yellow-bellied Dacnis, Dacnis flaviventer,                    Two 2s at Mitu

Blue Dacnis, Dacnis cayana,                                        Two singles at Mitu

Purple Honeycreeper, Cyanerpes caeruleus,                A few singles at Mitu

Green Honeycreeper, Chlorophanes spiza,                  1 at CWR and fairly common at Mitu

Golden-collared Honeycreeper , Iridophanes pulcherrimus,  1 at Mistrato

Hepatic Tanager, Piranga flava,                                   2 at Mistrato

Black Flowerpiercer, Diglossa humeralis,                     1 in the Perijas

White-sided Flowerpiercer, Diglossa albilatera,            1 in the Perijas and 2 at Termales del Ruiz

Rusty Flowerpiercer, Diglossa sittoides,                      1 in the Perijas

Masked Flowerpiercer, Diglossa cyanea,                      1 in the Perijas and near Ibaque

Plushcap, Catamblyrhynchus diadema,                       1 in the Perijas and Termales del Ruiz

Plumbeous Sierra-Finch, Phrygilus unicolor,                2 at Paramo del Ruiz

Saffron Finch, Sicalis flaveola,                                     A few at CWR

Blue-black Grassquit, Volatinia jacarina,                      A few singles at Mitu

Ruddy-breasted Seedeater, Sporophila minuta,            1 at CWR

Chestnut-bellied Seedeater, Sporophila castaneiventris,  1 at Urania  road

Yellow-bellied Seedeater, Sporophila, nigricollis,         A few at CWR

Thick-billed Seed-Finch, Oryzoborus funereus,            1 at CWR

Chestnut-bellied Seed-Finch, Oryzoborus angolensis, 1 at Bocatoma trail

Paramo Seedeater, Catamenia homochroa,                 1 in the Perijas

Bananaquit, Coereba flaveola,                                      Locally common

Yellow-faced Grassquit, Tiaris olivaceus                      A few at CWR

Greyish Saltator, Saltator coerulescens,                      1 at CWR

Buff-throated Saltator, Saltator maximus,                     A few at Mitu

Slate-coloured Grosbeak, Saltator grossus,                 1 at Tayasu trail and Urania road

Chestnut-capped Brush-Finch , Arremon brunneinucha,  Heard at CWR and near Ibague

Black-fronted Brush-Finch, Arremon nigrifons             A few in the Perijas      

Moustached Brush-Finch, Atlapetes albofrenatus,        1 in the Perijas

Pale-naped BrushFinch, Atlapetes pallidinucha,           2 at Termales del Ruiz

Dusky-headed Brush-Finch, Atlapetes fuscoolivaceus, 2 at Meremberg Reserve

Slaty Brush-Finch, Atlapetes schistaceus,                   1 in the Perijas and at Jardin

Yellow-browed Sparrow, Ammodramus aurifrons,        2 at Urania road

Rufous-collared Sparrow, Zonotrichia capensis,           Common in the uplands

Common Bush-Tanager, Chlorospingus flavopectus, A few in the Perijas and at Meremberg Reserve

Blue-black Grosbeak, Cyanocompsa cyanoides,          1 at Urania trail

Red-breasted Blackbird, Sturnella militaris,                 2 at Pueblo Nuevo trail

Carib Grackle, Quiscalus lugubris,                              A few at CWR

Mountain Grackle, Macroagelaius subalaris,                6+ at the Taoist Temple with a few by the road beyond it

Red-bellied Grackle, Hypopyrrhus pyrohypogaster,     6 at La Romera reserve

Shiny Cowbird, Molothrus bonariensis,                        A few near Monte Redondo and in the CWR region

Yellow-backed Oriole, Icterus chrysater,                      2 at CWR

Epaulet Oriole, Icterus cayanensis,                              1 at CWR

Mountain Cacique, Cacicus chrysonotus,                     2 at the Taoist Temple

Yellow-rumped Cacique, Cacicus cela,                         2 at Pueblo Nuevo trail

Russet-backed Oropendola, Psarocolius angustifrons, 2 at Monte Redondo

Green Oropendola, Psarocolius viridis,                        A few at CWR and Mitu                        

Crested Oropendola, Psarocolius decumanus,             A few in the Perijas 

Olive Oropendola, Psarocolius bifasciatus,                  A few at Mitu

White-vented Euphonia, Euphonia minuta,                   2 at Pueblo Nuevo and Bocatoma trails

Orange-bellied Euphonia, Euphonia xanthogaster,       A few at Mistrato

Rufous-bellied Euphonia, Euphonia rufiventris,            1 at Cachivera trail

Lesser Goldfinch, Spinus psaltria,                                A few at Ventanus Peak Reserve

Andean Siskin, Spinus spinescens,                              A few in the Perijas



Tayra Eira Barbara sinuensis,      1 at Mitu                                           

SNAKE:   False Coral                        1 crossing the road at Ventanus Peak Reserve



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