This tour into the Andes of Central Peru, organised and led by Gunnar Engblom of Kolibri Expedicions, with me as co-leader and Naturetrek representative, was the first of what is intended to be an ongoing series of budget tours operated by Naturetrek. It focused on finding a number of very special and rare birds, and had 13 British and one American participants. We succeeded in seeing nearly 350 species including such rarities as Junin Grebe, White-bellied Cinclodes, Bay-vented Cotinga, Tshudi’s Tapaculo, Great Inca-Finch, Diademed Sandpiper-Plover and Golden-backed Mountain-Tanager, the latter two voted birds of the trip. We also saw Hoatzin, a multitude of Oilbirds, Grey-breasted Mountain-Toucan, and a fine selection of seabirds, and even whales and dolphins, on the pre-tour pelagic. The full species list is appended.

Inevitably, there were logistical problems, as expected on such a pioneering, low-cost trip, and these are outlined in the text below.  

Jon Hornbuckle   

SATURDAY MARCH 15                                                                                    LIMA

We assembled at London Heathrow, except for John Deppman from Florida, and departed on the early morning Iberia scheduled flight to Madrid where we connected with the non-stop service to the Peruvian capital of Lima, arriving at Jorge Chávez International Airport during the evening. We were met by tour-leader Gunnar Engblom, and transferred to Hostal de las Artes, opposite Lima’s main police station. Here we met John D, who had arrived a day earlier. A few of the party were gripped off by his species list around Lima which included Peruvian Thick-knee!

SUNDAY MARCH 16                                  PRE-TOUR 1-DAY PELAGIC EXTENSION

We all departed at 5 a.m. for Callao, the starting point for the pelagic, and were joined by Noam Shany (co‑author of “A Field Guide to the Birds of Peru”), Joe Tobias and Natalie Seddon. Unseasonal fog delayed our start until 7.20 but we were able to watch a multitude of terns and gulls, highlights being superb Inca Terns and Franklin’s Gulls flushed with pink underparts. We boarded the relatively small yacht and left the harbour on a flat sea, passing 4 perched South American Terns and numerous Peruvian Boobies. At 0800 a tall volcanic island looming out of the mist heralded the first of 4 groups of Humboldt Penguins, which were followed by Waved Albatross, Peruvian Diving-Petrels, Pink-footed and Sooty Shearwaters, Grey Gulls the first of many Pomarine Skuas, along with the sun, which was to stay out for the rest of the day.

Further on we came across rafts of sooties and the storm-petrels started to appear: White-vented and smaller numbers of Wilson’s, Ringed, and the larger Black and Markham’s. The final 25-28 nautical miles out, with quite a swell, held large numbers of Dusky Dolphins and at least 3 whales, which appeared to be the large Fin Whale species. The good selection of birds out here included a single Blue-footed Booby, White-chinned Petrel and Chilean and South Polar Skuas, along with a few Wedge-rumped Storm-Petrels and Sabine’s Gulls, one of which was in full breeding attire. The journey back was less eventful until we reached the off-shore islands where guano is harvested. Here the Inca Terns, boobies, pelicans, gulls and Guanay Cormorants were abundant and we were able to spot pairs of Red-legged Cormorant, Peruvian Seaside Cinclodes and Blackish Oystercatcher. We came into dock at sunset as 1000s of Franklin’s Gulls were streaming out to the islands to roost, a most picturesque sight against the orange sky

MONDAY MARCH 17                                                                     SANTA EULALIA VALLEY

After an early morning call at 3.30, we were ready for departure at 4.00 but the bus arrived over an hour late, so we did not leave until 5.30. We met Gunnar on the outskirts of Lima in the Landcruiser which was to carry the food and camping gear for the whole trip. Proceeding to the Santa Eulalia Valley, our first stop at 7.45 produced Great Inca-Finch, Collared Warbling-Finch, Greenish Yellow-Finch and Giant Hummingbird. A recent stake-out at Scheque Power Station gave excellent views of 3 large Magellanic Owls roosting in eucalypts. Most time was spent in the arid scrub of the west Andean slope around San Pedro de Canasta, at about 3000 meters, where a fine selection of specialities was seen. Highlights were Andean Tinamou, Andean Condor, Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle, Aplomado Falcon, Mountain Parakeet, Peruvian Pygmy‑Owl, Bronze‑tailed Comet, Black-necked Woodpecker, Rusty‑crowned Tit‑Spinetail, Canyon Canastero, Streak-throated Bush-Tyrant, Pied‑crested Tit‑Tyrant, Blue‑and‑yellow Tanager and Rusty-bellied Brush-Finch, with Peruvian Sheartail and Rufous‑breasted Warbling‑Finch for a lucky few.

In the afternoon we continued along the river and with rain in the air, proceeded up to the village of Huanza at 3,500 metres where we were able to secure some beds and covered floor space, rather than camp. After a meal of spaghetti and sausage in a tasty sauce, cooked by Guido, we dropped down to look for an owl, recently seen by assistant guide Eduardo and thought by Gunnar to be the little known Koepcke’s Screech-Owl. Only Robert saw an owl, in flight, but everyone had good views of Band-winged Nightjars.

TUESDAY MARCH 18                                                                                      LA OROYA

We left at 6.30, after a lengthy period loading the vehicles, to the Polylepis forest at about 4000m. Here we had breakfast and waited for the rare White‑cheeked Cotinga to appear. It failed to show but there was consolation in the form of Torrent Duck, Black Metaltail, Shining Sunbeam, Stripe‑headed Antpitta, D’Orbigny’s Chat-Tyrant, and for some Black-breasted Hillstar, Thick-billed Siskin and Black-throated Flowerpiercer. Continuing upwards, we soon encountered a major problem: the overnight rain had caused a landslip, under-cutting the road. There was no alternative but to go all the way back down to the main road – a bitter disappointment as we were only an hour or two from reaching the highway just below the pass. This journey, through spectacular scenery, took 3 hours, and after lunch we climbed back up into the Andes on the Central Highway for another 3 hours until we reached Chiclio at 4,700 meters at dusk. As this was the prime site for several key birds, we disembarked and set off across the bog in a blizzard! Visibility was so poor that the only sight was a Puna Snipe in flight, before darkness fell and we reached the bus lower down the hill. Continuing to the mining town of La Oroya, but choking on exhaust fumes inside the straining bus, we were relieved to reach the Hostal Trujillo, to have a warm shower and a decent meal at a nearby restaurant. 

WEDNESDAY MARCH 19                                                           CHICLIO/HUANUCO

Arrangements had been made to fix the bus’ exhaust at 5.30, but, it being Peru, the repaired bus did not appear till 8.30. A short sortie to the nearby hillside gave Rufous-naped Ground-Tyrant for some. After boarding the bus, we decided to return to Chiclio as the weather was good, to look for the beautiful, enigmatic Diademed Sandpiper-Plover (DSP).

On arrival, we soon saw the rare endemic White-bellied Cinclodes, then spread out and walked across the spongy bog, breathless due to the high altitude. Steve spotted a DSP and we were treated to fine views of this "almost mythical” creature. Other birds encountered were Rufous-bellied and Grey-breasted Seedsnipes, Puna Snipe, White-winged Diuca-Finch, Cinereous, Puna and White-fronted Ground-Tyrants, and Plain-breasted Earthcreeper. Giant Coot was seen on a nearby lake as we returned to La Oroya for a fulsome lunch.

In the afternoon we drove past Lake Junin and two handsome Vicunas, before heading north and stopping at Polylepis woodland at 3,850 meters where Stripe-headed Antpitta and Thick-billed Siskin were new for some. We finally arrived at the bustling city of Huanuco at 8.30, a day behind schedule. Hostal Aryra was comfortable but noisy for those with rooms overlooking the main square – unfortunately, we were too tired to visit the adjacent almost-all-night disco.


Departing at 6.15, we soon stopped at a river bridge and watched Amazon Kingfisher, White-bellied Hummingbird, Black Phoebe and Torrent Tyrannulets, before continuing to the Carpish Tunnel, around which and on the nearby Paty Trail, we were to spend the rest of the day. Cloud forest flocks included the gaudy Grass-green Tanager, Hooded and Lacrimose Mountain-Tanagers, Yellow-scarfed, Saffron-crowned and Flame-faced Tanagers and a variety of warblers and Tyrant-flycatchers. Hummers included the beautiful Mountain Velvetbreast and Violet-throated Sunangel, while other notable sightings were the stunning Crimson-mantled Woodpecker, Rufous and Azara’s Spinetails, Pearled Treerunner, Barred Becard, Tschudi’s Tapaculo and a pair of Maroon-chested Chat-Tyrant with a youngster, for Gunnar’s group. The day’s rarest bird was only seen by Phil Barden and Ray, unfortunately – the spectacular Greater Scythebill, a tick for both leaders, had they seen it! Thanks to the unexpectedly good weather, we were able to stay ‘till 4.45, before returning to Huanaco for an “early” night. Here we were saddened to find that Brian, whom we had left resting in bed, had returned to Lima on the advice of a local doctor who felt his lung infection was being aggravated by the altitude.

FRIDAY MARCH 21                                                           BOSQUE UNCHOG

This day was start of the tour’s most ambitious element, the exploration of the Bosque Unchog area. Overnight heavy rain was clearing as we made an early start in anticipation of afternoon rain. A navigational error had us driving up and down the mountain-side on a rough road, before abandoning the bus due to a broken spring. The Landcruiser continued to the top, to dump the camping gear and return for us, but inexplicably did not arrive back until 11.30. A pick-up was located further up and eventually came down to collect members of the group who had walked some distance up the hill with Gunnar, in the hope of finding some interesting birds. After a quick lunch at the top, we were all able to bird in afternoon due to the unexpectedly good weather but bird activity was minimal and most returned to the campsite with White-collared Jay the only notable addition to the list. Steve, Mark and Jon stayed down in the forest till late afternoon and were rewarded with good views of Golden-backed Mountain-Tanager and Rufous-browed Hemispingus. Tents were quickly erected at dusk and after a tasty meal we retired to bed under a fairly clear sky. Surprisingly, the heavens opened later on and we were treated to heavy rain all night, accompanied by one tremendous clap of thunder.

SATURDAY MARCH 22                                          BOSQUE UNCHOG/HUANUCO

Although the rain had eased by dawn, it showed no signs of stopping and had caused some of the groundsheets to leak, wetting sleeping bags and clothes. After breakfast, three members decided to go straight down and back to Lima, with Eduardo accompanying them, while the rest set-off for the longish walk to the forest. Departure for the former was delayed by the discovery that the Landcruiser had a puncture and the spare wheel did not fit, but eventually the flat tyre was pumped up and stayed up. Unfortunately, driving on the road was unsafe due to thick mud, and so the departees had a 2 hour walk down to the village before driving back to Huanuco. 

The remainder of the group had a good day’s birding, with the highly localised Pardusco being one of the first birds to be seen, followed by Golden-collared Tanager and Rufous-crested Cotinga. Some elected to go further down with Gunnar on a successful quest for Sword-billed Hummingbird, with Peruvian Wren and Peruvian Chat-Tyrant also recorded. Those who stayed with Jon had great views of two parties of Golden-backed Mountain-Tanager, and saw Three-striped Hemispingus, while John Tomkins and Veronica also had the rare Rufous-browed Hemispingus. Gunnar’s group returned just in time to see the Golden-backs before they disappeared and then Steve spotted a Bay-vented Cotinga perched in almost the same spot as where the Red-crested had been hours earlier. Other unusual birds seen by some were Large-footed Tapaculo, White-chinned (plengei race) Thistletail, Line-fronted Canastero, Rufous-webbed Tyrant, Paramo Pipit and Cloud Forest Brush-Finch.

Although the rain had largely stopped by noon, we decided to pack-up in the late afternoon, as most of the special birds had been found and the possibility of overnight rain might make conditions even worse. We had to walk down a slippery trail for 75 mins to reach the pick-up which we hoped to use to take us and the luggage the last few km to the village where the bus was waiting. Unfortunately, the driver had gone down to the village to participate in a fiesta, but Gunnar eventually persuaded his wife to part with the key so he could drive it. We had to wait an additional hour for the horses to arrive with our bags, before we could load up and drive down in the dark through the deep mud to the village – a rather hair-raising journey. The return to Huanuco on the bus was uneventful, thankfully, and we were able to get a decent meal when we arrived at the hotel at 10.30.

SUNDAY MARCH 23                                                        CARPISH TUNNEL/TINGO MARIA

After a bit of a lie-in, we departed at 6.20 for Carpish. Here we split into two groups again with one doing the track and main road while the other went down the Paty Trail. Highlights for Carpish were Grey-breasted Mountain-Toucan, Unstreaked Tit-Tyrant and Andean Guan, and for the Paty Trail: Ocellated Piculet, Buff-browed Foliage-gleaner, Uniform Antshrike, Long-tailed Antbird, Trilling and Rufous-vented Tapaculos, Flavescent Flycatcher, Black-eared Hemispingus and Blue-winged Mountain-Tanager, while both groups saw Scaly-naped Parrot, Collared Inca and Barred Fruiteater. After lunch we drove down to the infamous town of Tingo Maria, and on to perhaps the most spectacular Oilbird cave in the Americas. The sight and sound of many hundreds of unique Oilbirds flying round in the gloom and resting on ledges in the giant cave, making a tumultuous noise, must be one of nature’s finest experiences. The nearby forest held Lafresnaye’s Piculet, Rufous-bellied Euphonia, the endemic Huallaga Tanager and Yellow-breasted Flycatcher. We returned to Tingo María before nightfall, to avoid any risk of hostilities, and checked in at the comfortable Hotel Residencial Royal.

MONDAY MARCH 24                                                                            TINGO MARIA/JUNIN

We were now in the lowlands on the fringe of Amazonia and only 10 minutes east of town we spent from 6 till 8 a.m. and saw a host of new birds in fairly scrappy, marshy habitat. Highlights were Hoatzin, Green Ibis, Sapphire-spangled Emerald, Black-throated Mango, Ringed Kingfisher, Gilded Barbet, Black-fronted Nunbird, Little and Spot-breasted Woodpeckers, Black-capped Donacobius and Oriole Blackbird. We set off on the long journey (545 km) back to Junin but soon took a picturesque trail alongside a river, hoping to find Cock-of-the-Rock. Birds were surprisingly few but we did see Black-throated Antbird and a scarce Fasciated Tiger-Heron. Having belatedly found we had taken the wrong trail, we drove a few km up the road and with a local guide set-off on the correct one, crossing a long swaying bridge over the river. We soon ran into a colourful tanager flock, which included Paradise, Turquoise and Masked Crimson Tanagers, which left us with no time to go further. The next Naturetrek group should be able to profit from our experience and see the spectacular Cock-of-the-Rock.

We drove straight past Carpish this time, by-passed Huanuco, and then made a short stop to bird the dry scrub. It was afternoon by then with little activity, the only notable bird being Fasciated Wren. We climbed up to the puna and stopped at a lake to view Puna Teal, Andean (Slate-coloured) Coot and a scruffy White-tufted Grebe, before reaching Junin at 6.45. It took another hour along a rough road before we stopped at Ondores (4,080 metres) where Gunnar had intended to camp but arranged for us to stay in a village house. After a basic meal in a local restaurant, accompanied by firewater and the strains of Gunnar on guitar, we retired to our sleeping bags, with the reassuring sound of the zodiac being blown-up ready for the morrow’s assault on Lake Junin. 

TUESDAY MARCH 25                                                                                      JUNIN/LIMA

The tale of the launching of the zodiac on the lake is too painful to relate, but by 8 a.m. we were on our way, with local frog-catcher Francisco Tueros at the helm, in search of one of the world's rarest birds. The flightless Junin Grebe, critically endangered, has to be distinguished with care from the much commoner Silvery Grebe. The lake held a variety of waterfowl including Andean Goose, and many Wilson’s Phalarope, while the reeds supported Wren-like Rushbird and Many-coloured Rush-Tyrant. After a couple of false alarms, we trained our binoculars with delight on an obvious Junin Grebe with peaked crown. As the boat was filling up with water, we then beat a hasty retreat back to the shore. The slow return to the town of Junin gave Plumbeous Rail, Burrowing Owl, Dark-winged and Common Miners, Black-billed Shrike-Tyrant, Andean Negrito, and good numbers of waders including Baird’s Sandpiper.

We left Junin at 10.50 and stopped at the pass (4,808 m) for group photos, and then a little further on at the Chinchan railway terminal where we scanned the hillside for the endemic Black-breasted Hillstar, observed at a distance. A late lunch was taken at San Mateo, with good-byes to Guido and the Landcruiser driver. Bus-driver Jesus really put his foot down then and got us to the Indian market, La Marina Avenue, near Lima airport by 5.30. With souvenirs duly bagged, we reached the airport at 6.30 in good time for our overnight flight to Madrid. After farewell and thanks to Gunnar, we were reunited with Bob and Ian, who had had a good time birding around Lima, with John D and Eduardo

WEDNESDAY MARCH 26                                                                                      LONDON

After changing planes in Madrid, we arrived back at Heathrow in the early evening on time. 

SPECIES LIST    Square-brackets = heard only

Andean Tinamou, Nothoprocta pentlandii

Humboldt Penguin, Spheniscus humboldti

White-tufted Grebe, Rollandia rolland

Silvery Grebe, Podiceps occipitalis

Junin Flightless Grebe, Podiceps taczanowskii

Waved Albatross, Phoebastria irrorata

White-chinned Petrel, Procellaria aequinoctialis

Pink-footed Shearwater, Puffinus creatopus

Sooty Shearwater, Puffinus griseus

Wilson's Storm-Petrel, Oceanites oceanicus

White-vented Storm-Petrel, Oceanites gracilis

Wedge-rumped Storm-Petrel, Oceanodroma tethys

Markham's Storm-Petrel, Oceanodroma markhami

Black Storm-Petrel, Oceanodroma melania

Ringed Storm-Petrel, Oceanodroma hornbyi

Peruvian Diving-Petrel, Pelecanoides garnotii

Peruvian Pelican, Pelecanus thagus

Blue-footed Booby, Sula nebouxii

Peruvian Booby, Sula variegata

Neotropic Cormorant, Phalacrocorax brasilianus

Guanay Cormorant, Phalacrocorax bougainvillii

Red-legged Cormorant, Phalacrocorax gaimardi

Great Egret, Ardea alba

Snowy Egret, Egretta thula

Cattle Egret, Bubulcus ibis

Striated Heron, Butorides striatus

Black-crowned Night-Heron, Nycticorax nycticorax

Fasciated Tiger-Heron, Tigrisoma fasciatum

Green Ibis, Mesembrinibis cayennensis

Puna Ibis, Plegadis ridgwayi

Andean Goose, Chloephaga melanoptera

Torrent Duck, Merganetta armata

Speckled Teal, Anas flavirostris

Crested Duck, Anas specularioides

Yellow-billed Pintail, Anas georgica

Puna Teal, Anas puna

Andean Duck, Oxyura ferruginea

Black Vulture, Coragyps atratus

Turkey Vulture, Cathartes aura

Greater Yellow-headed Vulture, Cathartes melambrotus

Andean Condor, Vultur gryphus

Swallow-tailed Kite, Elanoides forficatus

Double-toothed Kite, Harpagus bidentatus

Plumbeous Kite, Ictinia plumbea

Cinereous Harrier, Circus cinereus

Plain-breasted Hawk, Accipiter ventralis

Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle, Geranoaetus melanoleucus

Roadside Hawk, Buteo magnirostris

Variable Hawk, Buteo polyosoma

Mountain Caracara, Phalcoboenus megalopterus

American Kestrel, Falco sparverius

Aplomado Falcon, Falco femoralis

Peregrine Falcon, Falco peregrinus

Speckled Chachalaca, Ortalis guttata

Andean Guan, Penelope montagnii

Hoatzin, Opisthocomus hoazin

Plumbeous Rail, Pardirallus sanguinolentus

Common Moorhen, Gallinula chloropus

Slate-coloured Coot, Fulica ardesiaca

Giant Coot, Fulica gigantea

Blackish Oystercatcher, Haematopus ater

Andean Lapwing, Vanellus resplendens

American Golden-Plover, Pluvialis dominica

Diademed Sandpiper-Plover, Phegornis mitchellii

Puna Snipe, Gallinago andina

Lesser Yellowlegs, Tringa flavipes

Spotted Sandpiper, Actitis macularia

Baird's Sandpiper, Calidris bairdii

Pectoral Sandpiper, Calidris melanotos

Wilson's Phalarope, Phalaropus tricolor

Rufous-bellied Seedsnipe, Attagis gayi

Gray-breasted Seedsnipe, Thinocorus orbignyianus

Chilean Skua, Catharacta chilensis

South Polar Skua, Catharacta maccormicki

Pomarine Jaeger, Stercorarius pomarinus

Parasitic Jaeger, Stercorarius parasiticus

Band-tailed Gull, Larus belcheri

Gray Gull, Larus modestus

Kelp Gull, Larus dominicanus

Andean Gull, Larus serranus

Franklin's Gull, Larus pipixcan

Sabine's Gull, Xema sabini

Elegant Tern, Sterna elegans

Sandwich Tern, Sterna sandvicensis

South American Tern, Sterna hirundinacea

Common Tern, Sterna hirundo

Inca Tern, Larosterna inca

Spot-winged Pigeon, Columba maculosa

Band-tailed Pigeon, Columba fasciata

Eared Dove, Zenaida auriculata

Pacific Dove, Zenaida meloda

Croaking Ground-Dove, Columbina cruziana

Bare-faced Ground-Dove, Metriopelia ceciliae

Black-winged Ground-Dove, Metriopelia melanoptera

White-tipped Dove, Leptotila verreauxi

Gray-fronted Dove, Leptotila rufaxilla

Chestnut-fronted Macaw, Ara severa

Red-bellied Macaw, Orthopsittaca manilata

White-eyed Parakeet, Aratinga leucophthalmus

Mountain Parakeet, Psilopsiagon aurifrons

Blue-headed Parrot, Pionus menstruus

Scaly-naped Parrot, Amazona mercenaria

Smooth-billed Ani, Crotophaga ani

Groove-billed Ani, Crotophaga sulcirostris

Magellanic Horned Owl, Bubo magellanicus

Peruvian Pygmy-Owl, Glaucidium peruanum

Burrowing Owl, Athene cunicularia

Oilbird, Steatornis caripensis

Band-winged Nightjar, Caprimulgus longirostris

White-collared Swift, Streptoprocne zonaris

Grey-rumped Swift, Chaetura cinereiventris

Short-tailed Swift, Chaetura brachyura

Andean Swift, Aeronautes andecolus

Fork-tailed Palm-Swift, Tachornis squamata

Great-billed Hermit, Phaethornis malaris

Green Violet-ear, Colibri thalassinus

Sparkling Violet-ear, Colibri coruscans

Black-throated Mango, Anthracothorax nigricollis

White-bellied Hummingbird, Leucippus chionogaster

Amazilia Hummingbird, Amazilia amazilia

Sapphire-spangled Emerald, Polyerata lactea

Speckled Hummingbird, Adelomyia melanogenys

Shining Sunbeam, Aglaeactis cupripennis

Black-breasted Hillstar, Oreotrochilus melanogaster

Mountain Velvetbreast, Lafresnaya lafresnayi

Collared Inca, Coeligena torquata

Violet-throated Starfrontlet, Coeligena violifer

Sword-billed Hummingbird, Ensifera ensifera

Giant Hummingbird, Patagona gigas

Amethyst-throated Sunangel, Heliangelus amethysticollis

Bronze-tailed Comet, Polyonymus caroli

Coppery Metaltail, Metallura theresiae

Tyrian Metaltail, Metallura tyrianthina

Black Metaltail, Metallura phoebe

Blue-mantled Thornbill, Chalcostigma stanleyi

Oasis Hummingbird, Rhodopis vesper

Peruvian Sheartail, Thaumastura cora

Ringed Kingfisher, Ceryle torquata

Amazon Kingfisher, Chloroceryle amazona

Black-fronted Nunbird, Monasa nigrifrons

Gilded Barbet, Capito auratus

[Versicoloured Barbet, Eubucco versicolor]

Gray-breasted Mountain-Toucan, Andigena hypoglauca

Lafresnaye's Piculet, Picumnus lafresnayi

Ocellated Piculet, Picumnus dorbygnianus

Little Woodpecker, Veniliornis passerinus

Black-necked Woodpecker, Colaptes atricollis

Spot-breasted Woodpecker, Colaptes punctigula

Andean Flicker, Colaptes rupicola

Crimson-mantled Woodpecker, Piculus rivolii

Common Miner, Geositta cunicularia

Dark-winged Miner, Geositta saxicolina

Plain-breasted Earthcreeper, Upucerthia jelskii

Peruvian Seaside Cinclodes, Cinclodes taczanowskii

Bar-winged Cinclodes, Cinclodes fuscus

White-winged Cinclodes, Cinclodes atacamensis

White-bellied Cinclodes, Cinclodes palliatus

Pale-legged Hornero, Furnarius leucopus

Streaked Tit-Spinetail, Leptasthenura striata

Rusty-crowned Tit-Spinetail, Leptasthenura pileata

Wren-like Rushbird, Phleocryptes melanops

Rufous Spinetail, Synallaxis unirufa

Azara's Spinetail, Synallaxis azarae

Dark-breasted Spinetail, Synallaxis albigularis

White-chinned Thistletail, Schizoeaca fuliginosa

Canyon Canastero, Asthenes pudibunda

Streak-throated Canastero, Asthenes humilis

Line-fronted Canastero, Asthenes urubambensis

Pearled Treerunner, Margarornis squamiger

Buff-browed Foliage-gleaner, Syndactyla rufosuperciliata

Olivaceous Woodcreeper, Sittasomus griseicapillus

Wedge-billed Woodcreeper, Glyphorynchus spirurus

Montane Woodcreeper, Lepidocolaptes lacrymiger

Greater Scythebill, Campylorhamphus pucherani

Uniform Antshrike, Thamnophilus unicolor

Long-tailed Antbird, Drymophila caudata

Black-throated Antbird, Myrmeciza atrothorax

Stripe-headed Antpitta, Grallaria andicola

[Bay Antpitta, Grallaria capitalis]

Trilling Tapaculo, Scytalopus parvirostris

Large-footed Tapaculo, Scytalopus macropus

Rufous-vented Tapaculo, Scytalopus femoralis

Tschudi's Tapaculo, Scytalopus acutirostris

Red-crested Cotinga, Ampelion rubrocristata

Bay-vented Cotinga, Doliornis sclateri

Barred Fruiteater, Pipreola arcuata

Southern Beardless-Tyrannulet, Camptostoma obsoletum

Sierran Elaenia, Elaenia pallatangae

Torrent Tyrannulet, Serpophaga cinerea

Streak-necked Flycatcher, Mionectes striaticollis

Slaty-capped Flycatcher, Leptopogon superciliaris

Variegated Bristle-Tyrant, Phylloscartes poecilotis

Mottle-cheeked Tyrannulet, Phylloscartes ventralis

Tawny-rumped Tyrannulet, Phyllomyias uropygialis

Peruvian Tyrannulet, Zimmerius viridiflavus

White-throated Tyrannulet, Mecocerculus leucophrys

White-tailed Tyrannulet, Mecocerculus poecilocercus

White-banded Tyrannulet, Mecocerculus stictopterus

Unstreaked Tit-Tyrant, Uromyias agraphia

Pied-crested Tit-Tyrant, Anairetes reguloides

Yellow-billed Tit-Tyrant, Anairetes flavirostris

Tufted Tit-Tyrant, Anairetes parulus

Many-coloured Rush-Tyrant, Tachuris rubrigastra

Common Tody-Flycatcher, Todirostrum cinereum

Yellow-breasted Flycatcher, Tolmomyias flaviventris

Flavescent Flycatcher, Myiophobus flavicans

Ochraceous-breasted Flycatcher, Myiophobus ochraceiventris

Cinnamon Flycatcher, Pyrrhomyias cinnamomea

Cliff Flycatcher, Hirundinea ferruginea

Smoke-coloured Pewee, Contopus fumigatus

Black Phoebe, Sayornis nigricans

Vermilion Flycatcher, Pyrocephalus rubinus

Crowned Chat-Tyrant, Silvicultrix frontalis

Peruvian Chat-Tyrant              , Ochthoeca spodionota

Maroon-chested Chat-Tyrant, Ochthoeca thoracica

D'Orbigny's Chat-Tyrant, Ochthoeca oenanthoides

Rufous-breasted Chat-Tyrant, Ochthoeca rufipectoralis

Brown-backed Chat-Tyrant, Ochthoeca fumicolor

White-browed Chat-Tyrant, Ochthoeca leucophrys

Streak-throated Bush-Tyrant, Myiotheretes striaticollis

Black-billed Shrike-Tyrant, Agriornis montana

Rufous-webbed Tyrant, Polioxolmis rufipennis

Rufous-naped Ground-Tyrant, Muscisaxicola rufivertex

Puna Ground-Tyrant, Muscisaxicola juninensis

Cinereous Ground-Tyrant, Muscisaxicola cinerea

White-fronted Ground-Tyrant, Muscisaxicola albifrons

Andean Negrito, Lessonia oreas

Andean Tyrant, Knipolegus signatus

Dusky-capped Flycatcher, Myiarchus tuberculifer

[Short-crested Flycatcher, Myiarchus ferox]

Great Kiskadee, Pitangus sulphuratus

Social Flycatcher, Myiozetetes similis

Tropical Kingbird, Tyrannus melancholicus

Barred Becard, Pachyramphus versicolor

White-winged Becard, Pachyramphus polychopterus

Black-crowned Tityra, Tityra inquisitor

Gray-breasted Martin, Progne chalybea

Blue-and-white Swallow, Pygochelidon cyanoleuca

Brown-bellied Swallow, Notiochelidon murina

White-banded Swallow, Atticora fasciata

Andean Swallow, Stelgidopteryx andecola

Southern Rough-winged Swallow, Stelgidopteryx ruficollis

Barn Swallow, Hirundo rustica

Paramo Pipit, Anthus bogotensis

White-capped Dipper, Cinclus leucocephalus

Black-capped Donacobius, Donacobius atricapillus

Thrush-like Wren, Campylorhynchus turdinus

Fasciated Wren, Campylorhynchus fasciatus

Peruvian Wren, Cinnycerthia peruana

House Wren, Troglodytes aedon

Mountain Wren, Troglodytes solstitialis

[Sedge Wren, Cistothorus platensis]

Grey-breasted Wood-Wren, Henicorhina leucophrys

[Scaly-breasted Wren, Microcerculus marginatus]

[Chestnut-breasted Wren, Cyphorhinus thoracicus]

Long-tailed Mockingbird, Mimus longicaudatus

Chiguanco Thrush, Turdus chiguanco

Great Thrush, Turdus fuscater

Black-billed Thrush, Turdus ignobilis

White-collared Jay, Cyanolyca viridicyana

House Sparrow, Passer domesticus

Thick-billed Siskin, Carduelis crassirostris

Hooded Siskin, Carduelis magellanica

Black Siskin, Carduelis atrata

Blackburnian Warbler, Dendroica fusca

Spectacled Redstart, Myioborus melanocephalus

Citrine Warbler, Basileuterus luteoviridis

Russet-crowned Warbler, Basileuterus coronatus

Three-striped Warbler, Basileuterus tristriatus

Bananaquit, Coereba flaveola

Cinereous Conebill, Conirostrum cinereum

White-browed Conebill, Conirostrum ferrugineiventre

Blue-backed Conebill, Conirostrum sitticolor

Capped Conebill, Conirostrum albifrons

Magpie Tanager, Cissopis leveriana

Grass-green Tanager, Chlorornis riefferii

Common Bush-Tanager, Chlorospingus ophthalmicus

Yellow-whiskered Bush-Tanager, Chlorospingus parvirostris

Grey-hooded Bush-Tanager, Cnemoscopus rubrirostris

Black-capped Hemispingus, Hemispingus atropileus

Superciliaried Hemispingus, Hemispingus superciliaris

Black-eared Hemispingus, Hemispingus melanotis

Rufous-browed Hemispingus, Hemispingus rufosuperciliaris

Drab Hemispingus, Hemispingus xanthophthalmus

Three-striped Hemispingus, Hemispingus trifasciatus

Masked Crimson Tanager, Ramphocelus nigrogularis

Huallaga Tanager, Ramphocelus melanogaster

Blue-gray Tanager, Thraupis episcopus

Blue-capped Tanager, Thraupis cyanocephala

Blue-and-yellow Tanager, Thraupis bonariensis

Palm Tanager, Thraupis palmarum

Hooded Mountain-Tanager, Buthraupis montana

Golden-backed Mountain-Tanager, Buthraupis aureodorsalis

Lacrimose Mountain-Tanager, Anisognathus lacrymosus

Scarlet-bellied Mountain-Tanager, Anisognathus igniventris

Blue-winged Mountain-Tanager, Anisognathus somptuosus

Golden-collared Tanager, Iridosornis jelskii

Yellow-scarfed Tanager, Iridosornis reinhardii

Buff-breasted Mountain-Tanager, Dubusia taeniata

Chestnut-bellied Mountain-Tanager, Delothraupis castaneoventris

Thick-billed Euphonia, Euphonia laniirostris

Rufous-bellied Euphonia, Euphonia rufiventris

Turquoise Tanager, Tangara mexicana

Paradise Tanager, Tangara chilensis

Saffron-crowned Tanager, Tangara xanthocephala

Flame-faced Tanager, Tangara parzudakii

Blue-and-black Tanager, Tangara vassorii

[Golden-collared Honeycreeper, Iridophanes pulcherrima]

Purple Honeycreeper, Cyanerpes caeruleus

Pardusco, Nephelornis oneilli

Peruvian Sierra-Finch, Phrygilus punensis

Mourning Sierra-Finch, Phrygilus fruticeti

Plumbeous Sierra-Finch, Phrygilus unicolor

Band-tailed Sierra-Finch, Phrygilus alaudinus

Ash-breasted Sierra-Finch, Phrygilus plebejus

White-winged Diuca-Finch, Diuca speculifera

Great Inca-Finch, Incaspiza pulchra

Rufous-breasted Warbling-Finch, Poospiza rubecula

Collared Warbling-Finch, Poospiza hispaniolensis

Blue-black Grassquit, Volatinia jacarina

Black-and-white Seedeater, Sporophila luctuosa

Yellow-bellied Seedeater, Sporophila nigricollis

Chestnut-bellied Seed-Finch, Oryzoborus angolensis

Band-tailed Seedeater, Catamenia analis

Paramo Seedeater, Catamenia homochroa

Rusty Flowerpiercer, Diglossa sittoides

White-sided Flowerpiercer, Diglossa albilatera

Moustached Flowerpiercer, Diglossa mystacalis

Black-throated Flowerpiercer, Diglossopis brunneiventris

Masked Flowerpiercer, Diglossopis cyanea

Bright-rumped Yellow-Finch, Sicalis uropygialis

Greenish Yellow-Finch, Sicalis olivascens

Cloud-forest Brush-Finch, Atlapetes latinuchus

Tricoloured Brush-Finch, Atlapetes tricolor

Slaty Brush-Finch, Atlapetes schistaceus

Rusty-bellied Brush-Finch, Atlapetes nationi

Yellow-browed Sparrow, Ammodramus aurifrons

Rufous-collared Sparrow, Zonotrichia capensis

Grayish Saltator, Saltator coerulescens

Golden-billed Saltator, Saltator aurantiirostris

Golden-bellied Grosbeak, Pheucticus chrysogaster

Peruvian Meadowlark, Sturnella bellicosa

Scrub Blackbird, Dives warszewiczi

Giant Cowbird, Scaphidura oryzivora

Yellow-billed Cacique, Amblycercus holosericeus

Yellow-rumped Cacique, Cacicus cela

Crested Oropendola, Psarocolius decumanus

Russet-backed Oropendola, Psarocolius angustifrons

Oriole Blackbird, Gymnomystax mexicanus


Dusky Dolphin, Lagenorhynchus obscurus

Bottle-nosed Dolphin, Tursiops truncatus

Fin/Minke Whale, Balaenoptera physalus/acutorostrata

South American Sea Lion, Otaria byronia

Vicuna, Vicugna vicugna


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